Gateway to international timbertrade

Brazil

Forest resources

According to the FAO ( 2015), Brazil has around 493.5  million hectares of forest land, which constitutes to 59% of the total land area. Although forest land cover in Brazil has declined for the last 25 years, with a loss of around 0.4% forest cover per year, Brazil represents the second largest forested area in the world, second only to Russia (Brazilian Forestry Service). Around 485 million hectares are primary or otherwise naturally regenerated forests, and the remaining part of 7.7 million hectares is planted forest, mainly consisting of introduced species such as Eucalyptus and Pine, and to a lesser extent Acacia, Teak and Rubber wood (TFT). The vast majority of the country’s planted forests are located in the south of Brazil, while the native forests that provide timber are almost exclusively part of the Amazon. Brazilian forests can be classified broadly as Amazon rainforest, Atlantic rainforest (Mata Atlântica), central ‘cerrado’ savannah, arid ‘caatinga’ and the wetlands of the Pantanal (ITTO, 2011).

Different sources differ in their ownership estimations: between 68% (FAO) and 81% (TFT) of the forest area is supposed to be ‘publicly owned’. Public ownership is merely public administration, the other part is owned by communities. Also indigenous lands in Brazil are considered of public ownership. Between 19 and 23% is supposed to be in private ownership. In their country report Brazil, FAO states that in 8% of the forest area, ownership is unknown and there is a great lack of information on the ownership of forests in Brazil, probably also caused by differences in the interpretation of ‘public ownership’. Public lands with natural forests can be managed by private companies of by traditional communities. There is no plantation management on public lands. The management of natural forests may also occur on private land (NEPCon).

“Permanent Forest Estate” (PFE) is defined as: Land, whether public or private, secured by law and kept under permanent forest cover. This includes land for the production of timber and other forest products, for the protection of soil and water, and for the conservation of biological diversity, as well as land intended to fulfil a combination of these functions. Forest area that is not classified as PFE is open for conversion to other land uses. According to ITTO (2011), about 60% of the total forest area in Brazil is “Permanent Forest Estate” (PFE): 310 million hectares (data 2010). The PFE-area is roughly divided into Production and Protection areas. The production PFE includes both natural forest and planted forest, In the case of Brazil the production PFE includes:

  • FLONAs (floresta nacional (national forest) - type of conservation units),
  • extractive reserves,
  • sustainable development reserves,
  • legal reserves and permanent preservation areas on private land.

In general, protection PFE is considered to be the area of forest inside designated protected areas, where timber production and other forms of resource exploitation such as mining and commercial hunting are not legal land uses. Protection-PFE in Brazil includes: units of integral protection (federal and state) and indigenous lands.

Production and export

According to ITTO (2015) the Brazilian industry produced in 2014 about 162 million m3 of logs, of which 1.3% was exported. Total export value of primary timber products was about 990 million US dollars.

Commonly harvested tropical species for industrial roundwood (ITTO, 2011), in terms of volume:

  • Maçaranduba (Manilkara huberi)
  • Angelim (Dinizia excelsa)
  • Cupiúba (Goupia glabra)
  • Jatobá (Hymenaea courbaril)
  • Cedrinho (Erisma uncinatum)

Other common native species:

  • Amapa (Brosimum utile)
  • Cumaru (Dipteryx odorata)
  • Faveira (Parkia spp.)
  • Garapa (Apuleia leiocarpa)

High value species:

  • Ipê-amarelo / Brazilian walnut (Tabebuia serratifolia)
  • Ipê-roxo / Brazilian walnut (Tabebuia impetiginosa)
  • Cedro Vermelho / Cedar (Cedrela odorata). This species is listed on CITES Appendix III.
  • Itaúba (Mezilaurus itauba)
  • Freijó (Cordia goeldiana)

Principal plantation species:

  • Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.)
  • Pines (Pinus spp.)

Other plantation species:

  • Acacia (Acacia spp.)
  • Teak (Tectona spp.)
  • Parica (Schizolobium amazonicum)
  • Rubber Wood (Hevea brasiliensis)

In the figure below we see that the main destination markets for Brazil are the USA, Japan and Europe.

The main products Brazil exports are mouldings (softwood and hardwood), plywood, furniture, joinery, pulp and paper and sawn wood.

The key processing sites are principally located in Belém and Santarém in the state of Para. Brazil’s main ports for softwood lumber export are the southern ports of Paranaguá, São Francisco do Sul and Itajaí, while the main ports for hardwood lumber export are Belém, Belém Islands, Paranaguá, Santarém and Vila do Conde, mostly in the northern part of the country.

Sources of information

Legality framework

Institutions

The forest law, the Brazilian Forest Code (Law No. 4.771) has a national scope and has been in place since 1965, amended in 2012 (Law No. 12.651). The management of Brazil's forests involves different institutions at three levels of government (federal, state, and city). In the federal government, the forest management is under the direct responsibility of four institutions:

  • The Department of the Environment (MM) is responsible for formulating forestry policies. It operates by granting power for sustainable forest production and is responsible for signing forest concession contracts.
  • The Brazilian Forestry Service (SFB) is the administrative institution of the federal public forests for the sustainable production of goods and services. It is also responsible for the generation of information, qualifications, and fostering the forest area.
  • The Brazilian Institute of the Environment and of Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA) is the institution responsible for environmental control and inspection, and is also responsible for licensing and environmental control of the Brazilian forests in its area of competence.
  • The institute Chico Mendes of Conservation and Biodiversity (ICMBio) is responsible for proposing, implementing, managing, protecting, inspecting, and monitoring the Conservation Units instituted by the Federal Government.

In the state scope, generally, the state departments of the environment are responsible for formulating policies and forest standards, and the state environmental institutions are responsible for licensing, controlling, and inspecting forest activities and conservation. In the cities that have a forest management structure, the arrangement is similar.

As the management of Brazil’s forests involves different institutions at three levels of government (federal or national, state, and city), timber importing operators should also comply with relevant and applicable legislation on federal and state level. The rules for the management of native forests are much more stringent than those for plantations. The need for an environmental license for plantation management varies from state to state.

Forest management rights and harvesting

Only Brazilian-based community associations, cooperatives and companies can participate in forest concessions. Forest managers and harvesting companies harvesting native species from planted forests must inform IBAMA or the state environment body in question about their commercial activities.

When harvesting from concessions in native forests, concessionaires must hold a concession contract. In addition, they must hold an approved Sustainable Forest Management Plan (Plano de Manejo Florestal Sustentável - PMFS), an approved Annual Operational Plan (Plano Operacional Anual - POA) and an Operating Authorization (Autorização de Exploração - AUTEX).

When harvesting from private lands in native forests, timber companies must hold land title documents (or leasehold). They must also hold an approved Sustainable Forest Management Plan (Plano de Manejo Florestal Sustentável - PMFS) and an approved Annual Operational Plan (Plano Operacional Anual - POA).

Forest managers and harvesting companies harvesting from planted forests need planting licenses before a planted forest can be established. The government body responsible for issuing such a permit varies according to size and location (Forest Legality Alliance). Additionally, the company harvesting from planted forests which are not considered an area of permanent conservation (PFE), do not need to have a harvesting permit, but need to declare to the authorities the purpose of exploitation when establishing the plantation (Law No. 12.651).

IBAMA, Brazil’s environment agency, is the government body responsible for issuing licenses for cases such as areas shared by Brazil and a neighbouring country, indigenous territories, conservation units within federal level, and where two or more Brazilian states are involved. State environment agencies are the issuing body in cases such as the area in question is located in more than one municipality or a conservation unit is under state-level administration. Concessionaires must be on IBAMA’s technical register (Cadastro Técnico Federal). Licenses are to be renewed every three months. With the CPF/CNPJ number of the concessionaire, sawmill or other operator, the validity of his license can be checked here. CPF is Cadastro de Pessoas Físicas, Registry of natural persons. CNPJ is Cadastro Nacional da Pessoa Jurídica, or National Registry of Legal Entities. This is an identification number issued to Brazilian companies, consists of a 14-digit number formatted as 00.000.000/0001-00 — The first eight digits identify the company; the four digits after the slash identify the branch or subsidiary.

Ibama also has an active database that can be consulted to find out about ‘blacklisted’ forests and companies (‘areas embargadas’). Output is a list of areas (and the managing company) were harvesting is prohibited. Maps are also available per search result.

Timber transport and processing

Companies transporting timber from native forests must carry a DOF (Documento de Origem Florestal), issued by IBAMA (Federal Environmental Agency) or a state equivalent, as well as a nota fiscal (invoice). The DOF is a computerized timber control system. It should contain information about the timber’s origin, species, type of product, quantity and value of the cargo, as well as detailed transportation route. Products and subproducts should be accompanied by the relevant DOF from the originating timber yard up to customs terminal. The DOF is not always required. Sub products such as windows, doors and furniture, and cellulose and wood paste, for example, are exempt. Some states have their own transportation licenses, which are integrated with the DOF system. These states are Mato Grosso, Pará and Rondônia (Guia Florestal - GF) and Minas Gerais (Guia de Controle Ambiental - GCA).

With the barcode on the Guia Florestal (a document related to the Declaration of Origen, given out by SEMA), an electronic version of the document can be retrieved and a check on authenticity is done. SEMA is Secretaria do Ambiente e Desenvolvimento Sustentável, or State Secretariat for the Environment. Here the SEMA of the state of Pará. At the left side of the page documents of a concession or sawmill can be found, like the licences, Autef / Autex and sanctions against the operator can be searched. The DOF is issued with an expiration date: 5 days for state road transportation, 10 days for interstate road transportation and 30 days for logs being transported by rafts. Companies transporting exotic species from planted forests must carry a nota fiscal (invoice).

Also processing companies must be on IBAMA’s technical register (Cadastro Técnico Florestal). IBAMA or a state environmental agency must issue a license before timber processing activities are carried out. The timber processing company must complete relevant sections of the DOF (Documento de Origem Florestal).

Taxes

In Brazil, the responsible body for the collection and inspection of the income tax is the Secretariat of the Federal Revenue of Brazil (RFB). The RFB has a computerized system to collect the income taxes of all statutory Individuals and entities, cross-checking data between different payers and income recipients. Anyone can check if a company has any disputes with the Secretariat of the Federal Revenue of Brazil through the RFB website.

Exportation in Brazil is also regulated by the Brazilian Federal Revenue (RFB) through the on-line system called SISCOMEX (Integrated Foreign Trade System). For a company to have access to exportation it is required to submit to the Federal Revenue particular documents. The RFB Normative Instruction presents the reasons that can lead to the suspension of the SISCOMEX enrollment, with such restrictions reducing the possibility that a company has legal problems associated with exporting its products.

Products must go through one of the two customs declaration procedures available. A simplified declaration can be used when goods do not exceed $50,000 and a full customs declaration is used when exported goods exceed this value. The simplified declaration can be done online via the Sistema de Comércio Exterior – SISCOMEX (Foreign Trade System) or through paper forms. The full customs declaration must be processed online via SISCOMEX.

Customs clearance is done by means of a Declaração de Exportação - DE (export declaration), which must be formalized with up to 48 hours prior to shipment by the local IBAMA unit. The following documents are needed for a DE to be issued: 1. Copy of the Registro de Exportação - RE (Export Registry) from the Sistema de Comércio Exterior - SISCOMEX (Foreign Trade System); 2. Copy of the nota fiscal (Invoice); 3. Packing list; 4. Transportation Authorization; 5. Export authorization for wood products and subproducts (e.g. CITES), as appropriate.

Timber export

Timber companies seeking to export timber from Brazil must provide the following:

  • Importer registration (SISCOMEX code)
  • Import claim
  • Customs declaration
  • Purchasing contract
  • Purchasing order
  • Legal transportation permits
  • Packing list
  • Invoice

Key documents

The below listed key documents are based on the applicable legislation and are considered to play a key role in demonstrating legal origin. The full list of applicable legislation is accessible here (NEPCon).

Harvesting

LAR - licenciamento de atividades rurais (Rural activity License)
Municipality
This is a license that all rural properties need to realize any forest activities. It is a step before the forest exploration may take place.
Cadastro Técnico Federal de Atividades Potencialmente Poluidoras ou Utilizadoras de Recursos Ambientais (CTF/APP), or Cadastro Técnico Federal de Atividades e Instrumentos de Defesa Ambiental (CTF/AIDA).
Cadastro Técnico Federal
Compulsory registration at the CTF for persons or companies using natural resources. For every (harvesting) activity, a CERTIFICADO DE REGULARIDADE – CR has to be requested. The CR is valid for three months.
AUTEX (autorizacao de Exploracao Florestal): timber harvesting authorisation
IBAMA (Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Natural Resources) in case of harvesting on federal land SEMA (State Secretariat of Environment) in case of harvesting on state land
May have a different name if issued at state level (e.g. AUTEF in the state of Pará). AUTEX has limited validity (about one year); Harvesting permits, (as well as authorisation of purchase and transport) may not be required for plantation timber from exotic (non-native) species.
Nota Fiscal de Compra / Venda do Producto
Company + registration SEFA
This is the Log Bill of Sales / Invoice. It is issued by the company but must be linked to the Secretaria Estadual da Fazenda (SEFA) system.

Trade and export

LICENÇA DE OPERAÇÃO (LO); operating licence.
IBAMA (Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Natural Resources) State Environmental Body.
Processing companies must be on IBAMA’s technical register (Cadastro Técnico Federal).
ALVARÁ – Municipal operating license for industry
Municipality Body (Town hall)
Municipality Authorisation for business activity.
CERTIDÃO NEGATIVA DA RECEITA FEDERAL
Tax authorities: RECEITA FEDERAL
Clearance Certificate for general fees and taxes of company activities. Can only be requested by the (processing) company itself and has a limited period of validity.
DOF: Documento de origem florestal Declaration of Origin
IBAMA (Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Natural Resources) in case of harvesting on federal land.
The Declarations of Origin document (DOF) controls trade and transportation of timber derived from federal land. This enables products to be traced back to processing sites and forest source. DOFs are relevant to harvesting activities on federal land. Some states have their own transportation licenses, which are integrated with the DOF system. These states are Mato Grosso, Pará and Rondônia. In Pará, the DOF is called SISFLORA. DOFs are issued with an expiration date: 5days for state road transportation, 10days for interstate road transportation.
GUIA FLORESTAL (GF1, GF2, GF3) or GUIA de CONTROL AMBIENTAL (GCA)
At the state level, licenses are issued by the SEMA (State Secretariat of Environment).
The document issued to accompany wood products: GF1 is for logs, GF2 is for sawn timber and GF3 for final products.
REGISTRO DE IMPORTACÃO (SISCOMEX) Import Registration Code
Local Customs Service
Sistema de Comércio Exterior – SISCOMEX (Foreign Trade System); Importers must be registered at SISCOMEX
REGISTRO DE EXPORTACÃO (SISCOMEX); export registration
Export Registration (SISCOMEX), issued by local customs office.
To be provided by Exporters
DOF / GUIA FLORESTAL (GF1, GF2, GF3)
See above
DECLARACÃO DE DESPACHO DE EXPORTACÃO
Local customs office.
Shipping declaration, which must include SISCOMEX NUMBER.
Customs Declaration
Customs (in country of origin)
Sales Contract
Company / exporting operator
Packing list
Company / exporting operator
Invoice
Company / exporting operator
Bill of Lading
Company / exporting operator

Bans and quota

Brazil has a ban on log exports (since 1996) and focus on exports of secondary processed wood. (source: TFT). Export of logs from plantations is permitted (NEPCon).

Cites and protected spieces

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments that aims to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.

The following tree species are found in natural forest in Brazil and covered by CITES (Appendix I, II or III):

  • Jacarandá / Brazilian rosewood (Dalbergia nigra) - Appendix I
  • Brazilian Rosewood (Aniba roseodora) - Appendix II
  • Vera or Argentine / Paraguay Lignum vitae (Bulnesia sarmientoi) - Appendix II
  • Brazilwood (Caesalpinia echinata) - Appendix II
  • Bigleaf Mahogany; also called ‘Caoba’ (Swietenia macrophylla) - Appendix II
  • Spanish Cedar or ‘Cedro’ (Cedrela odorata) - Appendix III

IBAMA is the only Management Authority competent to grant CITES permits or certificates.

Exported CITES species must leave the country via one of a limited number of ports:

  • North region: Belém Port (PA)
  • South region: Paranaguá (PR), Itajaí (SC) and Uruguaiana (RS) Ports
  • Southeast region: Santos (SP) and Vitória Ports

Some natural forest tree species are protected and prohibited for export by Brazilian law, and some of these species are also CITES-listed as written above (FLA):

  • Brazil nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa)
  • Paraná Pine / Araucáia (Araucaria angustifolia)
  • Brazilwood / Pernambuco (Caesalpinia echinata)
  • Jacarandá / Brazilian rosewood (Dalbergia nigra).

National action on timber legality

Brazil does not have a VPA.

Third party certification

FSC

There is an approved national FSC standard (FSC-STD-BRA-01-2010) for Brazil’s Natural Forest and one for Plantation Forests (FSC-STD-BRA-01-2014 V1-0 EN). Furthermore there is a so called SLIMF-standard, FSC-STD-BRA-03-2013, which shall be used in FSC timber & non-timber forest management certification audits, for traditional communities, indigenous peoples and small-scale producers in Brazil. 6.5 million hectares of the Brazilian forests are covered with a FSC FM certificate (FSC, 2015).

PEFC: Brazilian Forest Certification Programme (CERFLOR)

The CERFLOR certificate is a Brazilian forest certification initiative, whose standards were prepared by ABNT (Brazilian Technical Standards Association). The CERFLOR system includes forest management standards for native forests as well as for plantations. The system is endorsed by PEFC. As of June 2015, there are more than 2.4 million hectares of forests certified under by ABNT NBR 14789 (planted forests) and ABNT NBR 15789 (native forests) (PEFC, 2015). The majority of CERFLOR-certified companies also has a FSC certificate.

SCS LegalHarvest Verification (LHV)

The LegalHarvest™ standard was developed by SCS based on expertise in wood product legality verification, forest management and chain of custody. It integrates aspects of wood product legality requirements from around the world into one standard, to assure a company has the documentation and evidence needed to uphold the traceability and legality of timber sourcing. A few forest companies in Brazil have a SCS LegalHarvest certificate.

Sources of information

Contacts

Ministério do Meio Ambiente – MMA
Esplanada dos Ministérios, Bloco B
Brasília - DF
CEP 70068-900
Department of the Environment (MMA) is responsible for formulating forestry policies and is responsible for signing forest concession contracts.

The Ministry of Environment is responsible for forestry as well as for planning, coordinating and controlling activities related to the national environment policy and policies for developing the Amazon. It supervises the activities of IBAMA and the Brazilian Forest Service.
IBAMA
Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis SCEN – Trecho 2
Ed. sede do IBAMA
70.818-900 – BRASÍLIA - DF
Tel: Tel: +55 (61) 33 16 10 01 / 02 / 03
Fax: Fax: +55 (61) 33 16 10 25
The Brazilian Institute of the Environment and of Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA) is the administrative arm of the Ministry of the Environment. It is responsible for monitoring compliance with Brazilian Environmental legislation and for issuing environmental licenses for any activity that occurs on federal land and CITES licenses.
Serviço Florestal Brasileiro (SFB)
SCEN, Trecho 2, Bl. H
70818-900 - Brasília - DF
Tel: (61) 2028-7258 / 7274
Fax: (61) 2028-7269
The Brazilian Forestry Service (SFB) is the administrative institution of the federal public forests, primarily responsible for the management of federal forest concession areas.

The Brazilian Forest Service from the Ministry of Environment coordinates the National Registry of Public Forests (NRPF), which includes Federal, State and Municipal Public Forests Registries.
Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMBio)
EQSW 103/104, Bloco “C”, Complexo Administrativo - Setor Sudoeste
CEP: 70.670-350 - Brasilia - DF
The Institute Chico Mendes of Conservation and Biodiversity (ICMBio) is linked to the MMA and makes part of the Sistema Nacional do Meio Ambiente (Sisnama) or National Environmental System.
ICMBio is primarily responsible for the management, protection and inspection of federally protected ‘Conservation Units’ (in Portuguese known as ‘unidades de conservação’), which can be divided in two groups: full protection and sustainable use.
SEMA Secretaria do Ambiente e Desenvolvimento Sustentável
(State Secretariat for the Environment)
The web address depends per state, and is usually part of the state government page:
www.semas.pa.gov.br/ (Pará)
www.sema.mt.gov.br/ (Mato grosso)
www.sedam.ro.gov.br/ (Rondônia)
Public bodies responsible to the national state’s permanent forests are:
SEMA State Secretariat for the Environment, responsible for issuing environmental licenses for any activity that occurs in a state land.
IDEFLOR, Instituto de Desenvolvimento Florestal
Avenida João Paulo II, S/n, Curió-Utinga
Cep: 66610-770; Tel: (91) 3184-3600
IDEFLOR - The Instituto de Desenvolvimento Florestal is primarily responsible for the management of state forest concessions areas.
SISCOMEX (export registration)
Export Registration (SISCOMEX), issued by local customs office.
CTNBIO
Setor Policial Sul -SPO Área 5 Quadra 3 Bloco B - Térreo Salas 10 à 14 CEP - 70610-200 BRASÍLIA - DF

Assessoria de Imprensa: (61) 2033-7515
Tel: (61) 3411-5516
Fax: (61) 2033-7475
NATIONAL TECHNICAL COMMISSION ON BIOSAFETY)
CONAMA
Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente
MINISTÉRIO DO MEIO AMBIENTE
Secretaria Executiva
Departamento de Apoio ao Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente - DCONAMA
Edifício Sede do Ministério do Meio Ambiente, Esplanada dos Ministérios - Bloco B, 9º andar, sala 950
70068-901 - Brasília/DF
Tel: (0xx61) 2028-2207
National Environmental Council
CONAFLOR
Comissão Nacional de Florestas
Secretaria Executiva da CONAFLOR
SEPN 505, Ed. Marie Prendi Cruz, 5º andar, sala 501.
70730-542 - Asa Norte - Brasília/DF/Brasil
Tel: 55 (0xx61) 2028-2332
Fax: 55 (0xx61) 2028-2131
The National Forest Commission (CONAFLOR), is composed of 39 representatives distributed between the government (20 representatives) and civil society (19 representatives), including federal government agencies and entities, state environmental agencies, civil-society groups, forest industry, NGOs and educational and research institutions. CONAFLOR provides guidelines for the implementation of procedures in national forests and enables the participation of various interest groups in developing public policies for the forest sector
ABIMCI - Associação Brasileira da Indústria de Madeira Processada Mecanicamente
Avenida Comendador Franco, 1341 - Campus da Indústria
Jardim Botânico. 80.215 090 Curitiba PR
Tel: (41) 3225-4358
ABIMCI unifies and represents companies linked to several segments and phases of the timber supply chain, such as reforestation (forestry) companies; wood industries (manufacturers of plywood, veneer, lumber, flooring, frames, doors and other products); suppliers of raw materials and machinery for the wood industry; agents and importers of wood products, distributors and retailers of wood products manufactured by associated companies in the logistics and customs clearance industry sector in addition to specialist press.
ABIMÓVEL - Associação Brasileira das Indústrias do Mobiliário
Brasília office:
SCN Q1 Bl. E - Ed. Central Park - Sala 1215/1216 - Cep: 70711-903
Brasília/DF, Brazil
Fone: 61 3202.8686

São Paulo office:
Av. Brig. Faria Lima,1234 - 15 andar - 151 - Cep:01451-913
São Paulo/SP, Brazil
Fone: 11 3817.8711
ABIMÓVEL is an industry association dedicated to the furniture business.
ABPMEX - Associação Brasileira de Produtores e Exportadores de Madeira
Tel: +55 41 3016-1516
ABPMEX is an association representing producers and exporters.
IMAFLORA - Instituto de Manejo e Certificação Florestal e Agrícola
Camino Chico Mendes, 185
CEP 13426 a 420
Piracicaba - SP | Brasil
Tel: +55 19 3429.0800
IMAFLORA is a Brazilian NGO created to promote conservation and sustainable use of natural resources, generating social benefits in the forest and agricultural sectors. Imaflora is accredited to verify the adequacy of forest enterprises according to FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) and is affiliated with the Rainforest Alliance.
Instituto Floresta Tropical
Rua dos Mundurucus, 1613
Belém - Pará - Brasil
Tel: +55 91 3202 8300
Instituto Floresta Tropical is a Brazilian NGO affiliated with the Tropical Forest Foundation that promotes sustainable forest management through education and research.
WWF GFTN Brazil
Ricardo Russo
Interim GFTN Coordinator
Tel: +55 61 3364 7487
ricardo@wwf.org.br
GFTN-Brazil is the Brazilian chapter of WWF's Global Forest & Trade Network (GFTN). The GFTN is WWF's initiative to eliminate illegal logging and improve the management of valuable and threatened forests.
Tropical Forest Trust (TFT) – Brazil
Travessa Quintino Bocaiuva 1588
Bloco A,
CEP 66035-190
Belém – Pará – Brasil
Tel: +55 (0) 91 3242 0859
TFT is a global NGO that helps businesses bring responsible products to market. TFT helps members worldwide build responsible supply chains by identifying and addressing embedded social and environmental
issues.

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