Gateway to international timbertrade

Republic of the Congo

Forest resources

According to the MEF (2019), Congo, known as the Republic of Congo and often referred to as Congo-Brazzaville, has an estimated forest cover of 22.4 million hectares, which represents 65% of the nation's total surface, of which 13 million hectares are attributed as forest concessions and potentially around 300 species exist (only approximately 50 are subject to substantial commercial logging and processing activities).Almost the whole area of forested land is primary or otherwise naturally regenerated forest, and only a relatively small part of 71 thousand hectares is planted forest. While practically all the natural forests are publicly owned, the law (Indigenous Peoples Rights Law) recognizes the rights of indigenous peoples living in those forests. The forest areas of the State consist of forests owned by the state, local authorities and public bodies. The law also recognizes private property on forest areas, including private forests and private forest plantations.

A total of 60 forest concessions (including 3 that haven't been attributed) as of September 2019. The forest concessions are attributed to 37 logging companies. The 3 major companies in terms of attributed areas are CIB (>2Mha), IFO and SEFYD (>1Mha each) (FRMi data, 2020).

Congo has two principal forest zones, one in the south and the main area in the north. The southern part covering approximately 4 million hectares and is formed by the Mayombe and Chaillu forests. The Mayombe forests were originally rich in Okoumé (Aucoumeaklaineana), and cover less than 1 million hectares. The Chaillu forests are rich in Okoumé (Aucoumeaklaineana), Limba (Terminalia superba), Ilomba (Pycnanthusangolensis) and Sipo (Entandrophragma utile). The dense, humid forests of the northern zone cover more than 16 million hectares, and contain commercially important redwoods such as Sipo (Entandrophragma utile), Sapelli (Entandrophragmacylindricum), Wengé (Millettialaurentii) as well as light hardwoods such as Ayous (Triplochitonscleroxylon). Over 4.3 million hectares of the Congolese forest area is under protection, either as national park or another type of reserve, with the majority lying in the northern forest zone.

Congo has a relatively low recent historical deforestation rate, compared to many other tropical forest countries, although this rate is increasing with major drivers being forest clearance for (industrial) agriculture, illegal and unsustainable logging, and urban development. Deforestation is more intense in the South; the North is only sparsely populated and to a large extent inaccessible.

Production and export

Congo’s forest sector was the main engine of the national economy for a long time, until the discovery of oil. But Congo’s forest sector is still a major producer of tropical hardwoods with key products including logs, sawn wood and wood-based panels.

Despite the importance given to the development of the industrialisation of the timber sector, in accordance with the laws and regulations in effect in the Republic of Congo, industrial activities still haven't developed much. The dominant activities are in primary processing, namely: sawing, peeling and the manufacture of plywood.

There are currently 61 timber processing units of all types; the companies have made significant investments to be in line with the strategy pushing for extensive and diversified local timber processing. However, log exports continue to increase and the volume of finished and semi-finished products exported remains marginal. ITTO statistics show that Congo ranks last in terms of raw product exports, and SCPFE statistics confirm this (ATIBT, 2019).

Most of the timber processing units in the southern forest sector date from World War II. Informal artisanal carpentry covers most of the population's needs for furniture, doors and windows, coffins and other timber products, despite the poor quality of the raw material used (wet sawn timber).

A study carried out within the framework of the implementation of ATIBT' projects provides an inventory of the Congolese forest sector (December 2019): download the document (French).

According to the Ministry of Forest Economy (MEF), in 2018 Republic of the Congo logging companies produced approximately 1.849 million m³ of logs. The table shows that nearly 43% of Congo's timber production is exported in the form of logs. The rest is exported as sawn timber.

The Congolese timber industry is strongly oriented towards export of logs, despite efforts made to reverse this trend. An important driver to reverse this trend originates from the Congolese legislation, which forces companies to process at least 85% of their production in the country or pay a surcharge on log exports. The new forestry law that was recently adopted by the senate provides for the complete processing of production on the national territory, i.e. a halt to the export of logs.

Most timber is produced in the northern zone, where large forest management units have been allocated to large industrial companies. Even in the southern part, with its long history of harvesting the forest management units, national harvesters are in several cases replaced by Asian companies.

The local timber market is still scarcely supplied with shaped timber from the forest concessionaires. In 2018, the volume of sliced logs placed on the domestic market was around 19,257 m³ (source: DVRF, MEF).

Although more than 80 species are harvested, two-thirds of the logs are of just two species:

  • Okoumé (Aucoumea klaineana)
  • Sapelli (Entandrophragma cylindricum).

The Okoumé is harvested in the southern forests, the Sapelli in the northern forests.

Other commonly harvested commercial species include:

  • Ayous(Triplochitonscleroxylon)
  • Bossé(Guareacedrata)
  • Iroko(Miliciaexcelsa)
  • Kossipo(Entandrophragmacandollei)
  • Limba(Terminaliasuperba)
  • Padouk(Pterocarpussoyauxii)
  • Sipo(Entandrophragmautile)
  • Wengé(Millettialaurentii)
  • Tali(Herythrophleumivorense)
  • Okan (Cylicodiscusgabunensis)
  • Mukulungu (Autranellacongolensis)

Over 80% of products were exported to Asia, 16% to Europe and under 1% to Africa.
Northern Congo has limited infrastructure and the ports are far away. There are 2 commonly used export routes for Congolese timber. Via river and land to the port of Pointe Noire in the South, and via land to the port of Douala in Cameroon.

Legality framework


Forest governance

Sustainable management and the certification of forest concessions have become a major priority in terms of the use of the Congo's forest resources, shared by all stakeholders, including the public sector, the private sector, civil society, local communities and the indigenous populations.

The Ministry of Forest Economy (MEF) is the main institution in charge of Congo's forest management. The process of revising the Forest Code began in 2012. The new code was validated by the Council of Ministers on 27 February 2019 and was adopted by Parliament in April 2020. The law was promulgated in 2020 and the reflections concerning the application texts have begun.

Legal rights to harvest

In Congo the allocation of the main exploitation licenses is done following an invitation to tender launched through an Order from the Minister for Water and Forests.

The northern forest massif, which is much larger and richer in terms of high-value tree species, wasn't harvested in a significant manner until 1970. Almost all of these forests are now used for logging.

Exploitation licenses can only be allocated to companies with among others a valid trader license and a valid license of the department of Forestry. License holders have the right to collect limited quantities of forest products, and exploitation licenses are granted only to companies incorporated under the Congolese laws. Foreign private companies willing to carry out logging activities in Congo must, therefore, establish subsidiaries in accordance with Congolese law. Furthermore, logging companies with foreign capital shall open their share-capital to Congolese citizens.

The main exploitation / logging rights under Congolese law are:

  • Industrial processing agreements (convention de transformation industrielle - CTI), which gives forest operators the right to collect from Forest Management Units, annual quotas of species, based on a compulsory management plan. Companies holding this permit are required to process rough wood in an own industrial processing unit. The validity of these operation permits may not exceed 15 years and may be renewed.
  • Management and processing agreements (convention d’Aménagement et de transformation - CAT), are identical to the agreements for industrial processing, except that the holders are required to carry out silvicultural operations as provided for in development plans of the concerned Forest Management Unit. The validity of these operations permits may not exceed 25 years. They are indefinitely renewed, except when the beneficiary fails to meet its obligations, species become scarce or due to any public interest grounds. In this last instance, the State shall compensate the holder for the loss suffered.

In addition to the above-mentioned permits the Congolese law knows also the following exploitation licenses:

  • Plantation timber harvesting permits (permis de coupe des bois de plantations), which concern the exploitation of trees from forest plantations, which are part of State-owned forest estate. The validity of these permits is determined according to the amount of trees to be collected and may not exceed six months. They may be extended only due to cases of force majeure.
  • Special permits (permis spéciaux - PS), where the holders have the right to commercially exploit accessory forest products in specified number and areas. These holders may also be authorized to exploit a limited number of timber species for commercial purposes. Special Permits may be granted only to Congolese individuals, NGOs and associations incorporated under Congolese laws which apply for them. Therefore, commercial companies are not concerned. Special permits are valid for a month and may not be renewed.

License holder (CAT and CTI Agreements) must prepare forest management plans (PAS) or Plan d’aménagement simplifié - Simplified Management Plan (for the CTIs) which must be approved by the Forest Department. The Management Plan defines the uses of the permit (production series, protection/preservation series, community development series). For CATs, the rotation period cannot be under 25 years. For CTIs, the rotation is specified for each ecological zone. The management standards for CTIs should be integrated into the new Forest Code. For the CATs, the production series is divided into UFPs (Unités Forestières de Production - Forest Production Units) with a duration varying from 4 to 6 years. The volume of the UFPs is a multiple of the Minimum Annual Volume (VMA - Volume Minimum Annuel), which is equal to the forest's annual potential (a management principle based on an iso-volume division of the UFGs). This VMA - prior to the approval of the Management Plan - is established by the CAT by default. For the CTI, the simplified management principle is based on an iso-surface division of the production series (surface area of the series divided by its rotation). A local development fund of the community development series is created for each Forest Management Unit. The planning and administration of this fund are established by Ministerial Order.

In order to be authorised to harvest, the company must prepare and submit an application for annual harvesting authorisation (forest inventory, maps, etc.) to the DDEF (Direction départementale de l'économie forestière - Departmental Directorate of Forest Economy). After verification and approval of this application by the forest authority, an annual harvesting authorisation is granted.

Taxes and fees

Forest taxes are due at the time the logging authorisations are issued, i.e. when the decision to attribute a permit or an annual harvesting authorisation is given in relation to an agreement.

The forest taxes provided for in article 85 of the forest code are as follows: 

  • the surface area tax;
  • the felling tax;
  • the tax on ancillary forest products;
  • the deforestation tax. 

The felling tax and the export tax are expressed as a percentage of the FOB value. The FOB value is the average value indicated by the relevant sources for the 12 months preceding the date of calculation.

The values taken into consideration are exclusively those of standard quality for Okoumé and those of fair and merchantable quality for the other species. They are published by decree of the minister in charge of water and forests.

Forest taxes not paid by the agreed deadline are automatically penalised by an increase of 3% per overdue quarter. The 3% penalty levied for each quarter overdue in the payment of forest taxes and usage fees goes toward the mutual fund of litigation case proceeds.

The surface area tax is collected annually from agreement holders by the water and forestry administration. 50% of it goes into the forest fund and the other 50% to a special account opened at the public treasury, intended for the development of the regions. A joint order by the minister in charge of water and forests and the minister of finance establishes the surface area tax calculation method. A decree issued by the Council of Ministers establishes the terms and conditions for the distribution of the 50% of the surface area tax intended for the regions' development.

Timber from natural forests and private industrial plantations is subject to payment of the felling tax. The felling tax is collected by the water and forestry administration and is paid into the forest fund. The felling tax on timber from natural forests is calculated using the annual volume of the species that the forestry companies undertake to produce by agreement. The rates of this tax are established by joint order of the minister in charge of water and forests and the minister in charge of finance -  between 3% and 10% of the FOB value (depending on the species). The rates are revised according to market trends and the availability of certain species. The felling tax on timber from private industrial plantations is set by tariff, depending on the species and the location of the tree population. This rate is set by joint order of the minister in charge of water and forests and the minister in charge of finance.

The tax on ancillary forest products is set by tariff according to the products. It is collected by the water and forestry administration and is paid into the forest fund. This tariff is fixed by joint order of the minister in charge of water and forests and the minister in charge of finance.

All activities that result in the destruction of the forest domain(as stipulated in Article 31 above) are subject to the payment of the deforestation tax. The deforestation tax is fixed by tariff when the deforestation occurs within a natural forest.

In a planted forest, the amount of this tax is determined in proportion to the cost of replanting an area of comparable forest value. A joint order of the minister in charge of water and forests and the minister in charge of finance establishes the costs of reforestation. This tax is collected by the water and forestry administration and paid into the forest fund.

The export of raw or processed forest originating from natural forests or plantations is subject to a tax based on the exported quantities, their areas of production and their unitary FOB. The rates of this tax are set by joint order of the minister in charge of water and forests and the minister in charge of finance for each category of products (between 0% and 10% of their FOB value). The rates shall be established and revised to encourage the export of processed products as well as their diversification. It is adjusted according to market developments and the degree of processing within the country.

The export tax is payable upon signature of the specification sheets. It is collected by the customs service from exporters upon presentation of the specification sheet (which must have prior approval by the water and forestry administration).

Forests are classified into tariff zones, according to the transport costs borne by the products. The forest tax zones are determined by order of the minister in charge of water and forests.

Imported timber products and derivative timber products are subject to the payment of an import tax, subject to the stipulations of sub-regional and international agreements. The rate of the import tax is indexed to the CAF value declared on import. This tax is collected from importers by the customs service. Its proceeds are reserved for the public treasury.

Timber harvesting activities

With some thirty companies operating, the forestry sector is the nation's second largest employer, behind the civil service. It contributes to the opening up and development of the inland areas and represents a very important, dynamic and constantly evolving economic sector. It generates a large number of direct and indirect jobs in services, in both rural and urban areas.

The average area attributed to loggers is nearly 400,000 ha, with wide disparities. The forest areas attributed to logging and industrial forestry players consist of both managed and unmanaged forest concessions; in 2019, they represented a total area of 15 036 728 ha, or 96% of Congo's total production forests. 8 837 482 ha, or 58.7%, are currently under management, and 4 499 632 ha, or 29.9% are unmanaged. The area of forest concessions with management plans in progress is 1 699 614 ha.

After the Annual Harvesting Authorisation has been obtained, timber can be felled. The harvested trees are recorded in a worksite book, which includes details on the harvested logs. All harvested logs are marked with a log stamp hammer. The mark (registered by the company with the district court registry office) includes a company identifier, the tariff zone and a felling number. All logs from the same harvested tree have the same markings, as well as the log number. The transport documents (waybill) accompany the removed logs from the forest to their destination site (factory or export). The details of the logs must match those in the worksite book.

In terms of sawmill processing, companies must obtain a licence (authorisation to set up the processing unit) from the ministry of forestry. The capacity of the processing facility may not exceed the annual harvest volume of the concession of the company to which the facility is linked. Proper records of incoming and outgoing timber must be kept and are regularly held and checked by the DDEF during inspections.

Third parties' rights

The national act on the protection of the rights of indigenous peoples (act 05/2011) stipulates, among other things, that indigenous peoples have the right to be consulted regarding all matters affecting them and that they have the right to benefit from income related to the use of their traditional lands and natural resources.

A provision has been made for a Local Development Fund (FDL - Fond de Développement Local) which is calculated on the basis of 200 CFA francs per m3 of timber. This fund is intended for the development of community projects in the local villages. We should also mention the Community Development Series (SDC - Série de Développement Communautaire), whose use is exclusively reserved for the local populations, and organised by the community.

Trade and transport

Exporting companies need to obtain an export declaration issued by the Ministry of Commerce after written authorization by the Ministry of Forestry. When exporting the company needs to attach completed specification sheets detailing species, quality and quantity of all timber products exported

The Service de Contrôle des produits forestiers a l’exportation (SCPFE) is a government agency in charge of quantitative and qualitative checks of timber and timber products (https://www.scpfe.cg/). SCPFE issues the Attestation de Vérification Export (AVE). The AVE certifies that the declared product data has been checked and authorizes the exportation of the product. The AVE is transmitted to the Congolese Customs by the Exporter and serves as a reference document for the collection of the export tax. The AVE and the product specification accompany the exported product.

Key documents

The below listed key documents are based on the applicable legislation and are considered to play a key role in demonstrating legal origin. Please note that a new forest law has been promulgated in July 2020.

Harvesting

Certificate of approval
Forest Economy
Registration of the company with the forest administration as part of its trade-related activities Valid 1 year Articles 48, 49 and 50 decree 2002-437 of 31
Professional identity card
Forest Economy
Card that identifies the natural person and justifies the practice of the profession To be stamped each year Valid 5 years Articles 48, 49 and 50 of decree 2002-437
Management and processing agreement
Forest Economy
In reality, its duration depends on the approval of the PA. Valid 25 years Articles 65, 66 and 67 of Decree 2002-437
Industrial Processing Agreement
Forest Economy
In reality, its duration depends on the approval of the PA. Valid 15 years Articles 65, 66 and 67 of Decree 2002-437
Special permit
Forest Economy
The special permit is issued by the DDEF at the request of the interested party, after payment of the forest tax on accessory forest products or timber species whose exploitation it authorises. Art. 77 law 16-2000 of 20 November 2000
Installation authorisation
Forest Economy
Authorisation that allows companies to prepare industrial sites and living bases, build roads and carry out prospecting work. 172 decrees 2002-437 of 31 December 2002
Completion authorisation
Forest Economy
Authorisation issued by the DDEF that allows the completion of harvesting beyond one calendar year. Articles 74, 75, 79, 101 decrees 2002-437 of 31 December 2002
Emptying authorisation
Forest Economy
DDEF post-inspection, allowing it to dispose of the felled timber after the agreement's expiration. 101 and 172 decrees 2002-437 of December 31, 2002
Annual harvesting authorisation
Forest Economy
Authorisation that provides the logger with the right to harvest for one calendar year. Articles 74, 75, 79, decree 2002-437 of 31 December 2002.
Management plan
Forest Economy
Logging planification document that specifies the goals to be achieved, the means implemented and the management methods. Its duration depends on the forest's potential. Articles 55 and 56 law 16-2000 of 20 November 2000 and art. 24 decree 2002-437 of 31 December 2002.
Commercial, credit and real estate register
Commerce
Proof of the company's legal existence (Registration with the Ministry of Commerce). In the event of an appointment, dismissal or resignation of company directors. Articles 98 and 97 of the OHADA uniform act on commercial companies.
Professional merchant card
Commerce
Authorisation to exercise the profession of merchant Art. 1, decree no. 2008-446 of 15 November 2008
CNSS registration certificate
Work and safety
In the event of a modification, renewal or termination Art. 172 law no. 004/86 of 25 February 1986, social security code. Articles 18 and 40 law 19-2005 of 24 November 2005
Declaration of existence
Social
In the event of a closure, transfer, relocation, reopening and more generally any change affecting the company Art. 181 law no. 45/75 of 15 March 1975. Art 1 decree no. 3020/IGT/LS of 29 September 1953.
Authorisation of overtime by the departmental labour directorate
Work and safety
It may be renewed on condition that an application is submitted two months beforethe expiration of the current one. Valid 6 months Art. 10 decree 78-361 of 12 May 1978.
Customs commissioner accreditation
Customs
Registration of the company with the Ministry in charge of customs Articles 110 and 111 of the CEMAC customs code.
Receipt of payment
Customs
Proof of payment. Art. 33, decree no. 2004-30 of 18 February 2004. Art. 134 of the CEMAC customs code. Articles 461, 462 and 463 of the general tax code, volume I.
Patent
Taxes
To be obtained prior to 31 March Valid 1 year Articles 277 and 314 of the general tax code (volume I).
Register of taxes/payment receipts
Taxes
Register of forest tax payments, due upon the issuance of the logging authorisation. Art. 124 to 124b of the general tax code, volume I. art. 87 law 16-2000 of 20 November 2000.
Phytosanitary certificate
Agriculture
Certificate that justifies product compliance, following the quality control. Valid 3 years Articles 3 and 8 decree 1.142 of 12 June 1945.
Car registration card
Transport
Document indicating the vehicle's registration number and the administrative district where the vehicle is registered Articles 2 and 3 decree 2003-61 of 6 March 2003; - Articles 10 and 11 decree 2844 of 12 April 2005.
Transport authorisation
Transport
Authorisation to exercise the transport profession. Valid 1 year Art. 5 decree 90/135 of 31 March 1990, articles 1 to 4 of the CEMAC navigation code.
Transport authorisation/operating authorisation
Transport
Registration with the Ministry of Transport Ref. TT: articles 1 to 9 decree 5694 of 17 September 2001; ref. digenaf: decree no. 2010-337 of 4 June 2010.
Vehicle technical inspection certificate
Transport
Proof that the vehicle inspection has been carried out. Valid 6 months Articles 1 to 24 decree no. 11599 of 15 November 2004; art. 23 of the CEMAC community highway code; art. 4 annex 9.5 of the CEMAC navigation code.
Order of approval of the staff of the company's social-health centre
Health
Registration of the company with the Ministry of Health Art. 12 Order no. 9033/MTERFPPS/DGT/DSSHST of 10 December 1986.
Ministry of Health order authorising the exercise of the profession
Health
Authorization for the establishment and opening of a medical-social centre Art. 2 decree no. 3092 MSP/MEFB of 9 July 2003 Art. 9 decree no. 9030/MTERFPPS/DGT/DSSHST of 10 December 1986.
Court decision
Justice
It can be replaced by the "Certificate of Non-Bankruptcy". Articles 33 and 53 of the OHADA uniform act on commercial companies.
The company's log stamp hammer
Justice
Triangular log stamp hammer, the imprint of which is registered with the registry of the district court in the jurisdiction where the holder is domiciled Art. 75 law 16-2000 of 20 November.

Bans and quota

Congolese legislation (article 180 of the Forest Code, amended by Law No. 14-2009 of 30 December 2009) states that at least 85% of the timber production in the country needs to be processed in the country. However, a new forest code is currently being promulgated (in 2020) which should make processing 100% compulsory.

Moreover, this article 180 creates a national market of quotas allowing transfer of quotas between companies which have processed more than 85% of timber and companies which have not reached 85% of production. This would imply that companies, which have not processed 85% of their rough timber production, may buy the missing quotas to comply with the Congolese legislation.

The new draft law provides for the full processing of timber on Congolese national territory, which means a halt to the export of logs.

Cites and protected species

There are tree species listed on CITES Appendix II from Congo;

  • Afromosia (Pericopsiselata). Congo had a quota for this species of 6,309 m3 of logs and sawn timber in 2017. The quota is redefined each year.
  • Bubinga or Kevazingo (Guibourtia-Demeusei) a quota of 2,954 m3 of logs and 9,165 m3 of sawn timber in 2019.
  • African cherry (Prunus africana). This CITES listing applies to all parts and derivatives except: seeds, spores and pollen; seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers.

National action on timber legality

Congo and the EU entered into negotiations for a voluntary partnership agreement in June 2008. This agreement was signed in May 2010 and ratified in February 2013.

According to the November 2017 rapid assessment report on the implementation of the FLEGT VPA in the Republic of Congo, "the implementation of the FLEGT VPA has enabled the Republic of Congo to further the involvement and participation of other public administrations, of civil society and of the private sector in the development and validation of forest policies and regulations, of procedures to verify the legality of timber, as well as monitor the compliance with regulations through independent observation conducted by a Congolese civil society organisation. The VPA has also favoured improved transparency with the progressive publication of information provided for in Appendix X of the Agreement, through the implementation of a communication plan and the facilitation of access to information provided by the MEF departments. The main elements of the SVL(Systèmes de Vérification de la Légalité - Legality Verification System)are either already in place or at a very advanced stage of development. Ongoing policy and legal reforms will provide a sound legal basis for the implementation of the FLEGT authorisation scheme."

The Government of the Republic of Congo has developed its Computerised Legality Verification System (SIVL - Système Informatique de Vérification de la Légalité). The benefit of this tool is that it enables forest sector players to effectively and efficiently manage data related to legality and traceability verification for the acquisition, production and sale of legal and traceable timber.

  • As of the end of December 2016, the Government of the Republic of Congo has developed software that takes into account all LVS considerations;
  • As of 3 November 2017, the SIVL is hosted at the Ministry of Finance's Datacenter in Brazzaville.
  • Non-regression testing and source code auditing has been successfully completed.
  • As of today, the SIVL is ready to be deployed.
  • The deployment will first target the Taxation and Special Permits (SP) modules - see ATIBT article.

Third party certification

A significant portion of the Congolese forest has been certified as part of a voluntary system. To date, 3,240,962 hectares are covered by an FSC FM certificate, taking into account the recent certificate obtained by CIB in March 2020. On October 6, 2020 the Republic of Congo announced the publication of its revised FSC National Forest Service Standard (NFSS). The standard will apply to specific management units as described in section 2.2 of the scope of the standard, operating in natural forests and/or plantations.

Certificate - Area in ha
FSC FM/COC - 3,240,962 ha
OLB (BV) - 852,820 ha
LS (Nepcon) - 1,109,881 ha (including a double certification with FSC)
TLV (CU) - 0 ha

The Call for an Expression of Interest (AMI - Appel à Manifestation d’Intérêt), which aims to select the members of the PAFC Congo Basin Certification Standards Development Forum, was initiated on 1 October 2019. At the end of the selection process, 16 stakeholders were chosen as members of the Forum (view details on the member selection and the constitution of the Forum here).It should also be noted that as of 2014 the Republic of Congo has decided to set up a national forest certification system (PAFC-Congo) following the example of Africa's forest certification system: Pan African Forest Certification (PAFC). As a result, Congo is opting for double forest certification. The PAFC-Congo was then endorsed by the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification Standards (PEFC), which enables the PAFC to benefit from international recognition.

Forum members, experts and representatives of the national PAFCs of Cameroon, Congo Brazzaville and Gabon were brought together on the occasion of the first regional workshop of the Standards Development Forum, held in Libreville from 25 to 29 November 2019, to discuss and validate the first version of the forest management certification and chain of custody standards. Following the discussions, indicator 7.3.2 of the sustainable forest management standard was not validated due to a lack of consensus among the Forum members.

On October 26 and 27, 2020, the PAFC BC forest certification standard was validated, see article ATIBT.

Contacts

Ministère de l’Economie Forestière
Direction Générale de l’Economie Forestière (DGEF)
Boulevard Denis Sassou Nguesso
98, Brazzaville
République du Congo
Tel: +242 05 559 50 49 / +242 06 978 44 45
Fax: +242 06 626 67 95
DGEF is the central department, which generally supports the minister to carry out his tasks related to forest and wildlife, such as policy developments and coordination of regional departments.
The regional departments of the Ministry of Forestry are among others responsible for the enforcement of laws and regulations regarding wildlife, forests and protected areas; and for the control of activities on forests, wood industry, fauna, flora, protected areas and waters.
Ministère de l’Economie Forestière
Direction des Forêts
Boulevard Denis Sassou Nguesso
98, Brazzaville
République du Congo
Tel: +242 06 694 25 60 / +242 06 652 09 36
Directorate within the DGEF which carries out forest-related tasks in an interdependent manner with the departmental directorates.
Ministère de l’Economie Forestière
Direction de la Faune et des aires Protégées (DFAP)
Boulevard Denis Sassou Nguesso
98, Brazzaville
République du Congo
Tel: +242 06 665 56 00 / +242 05 665 56 00
CITES management authority of Congo
Ministère de l’Economie Forestière
Cellule de la légalité forestière et de la traçabilité (CLFT)
Boulevard Denis Sassou Nguesso
98, Brazzaville
République du Congo
Tel: +242 069786706 / +242 05 526 02 11
General Inspection Department, responsible for controlling, monitoring and verifying the legality of forestry activities.
Chambre de Commerce, d'Industrie, d'Agriculture et des Métiers de Brazzaville
Avenue Amilcar CABRAL,
Centre Ville B.P.: 92
Brazzaville
République du Congo
Tel: +242 05 521 70 04 +242 06 921 70 04
Responsible for representing the economic interests of the business community of Brazzaville. It is a link between both the public and private sectors.
Chambre de Commerce, d'Industrie, d'Agriculture et des Métiers de Pointe-Noire
Responsible for representing the economic interests of the business community of Pointe-Noire. It is a link between both the public and private sectors.
Association Congolaise pour la Preservation de l'Environnement et le Developpement Communautaire (CAPECD)
Tel: +242 055483074
The Congolese Association for the Preservation of the Environment and Community Development is focused on improving the socioeconomic conditions of local people and indigenous communities. They work to promote sanitation, biodiversity conservation and community development. In addition, they support further agroforestry research in the health sector and the practice of agriculture.
Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
WCS Congo Program
B.P. 14537
Brazzaville, République du Congo
Tel: +242 05 722 7411
WCS works with the large Congolese CIB logging company in efforts to reduce logging pressures on gorillas, elephants, and other endangered wildlife around its concessions.Their collaborative project is called PROGEPP: the Project for Ecosystem Management in the Nouabalé-Ndoki Periphery Area.
Service de Contrôle des produits forestiers à l'exportation (SCPFE)
Government agency in charge of quantitative and qualitative checks of timber and timber products to be exported.
Plateforme pour la gestion durable des forêts (PGDF)
59, Rue Franceville Moungali
Brazzaville, République du Congo
Tel: +242 05 602 52 65 / +242 06 662 22 07 / +242 05 558 94 11 / +242 06 658 44 27
Congolese civil society consultation framework, bringing together around 60 environmental, human rights and development NGOs which - along with the State and the private sector - help combat illegal logging and contribute to improving the living conditions of local communities and indigenous peoples (CLPA - communautés locales et populations autochtones) living in and next to the forests.

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