Gateway to international timbertrade

Papua New Guinea

Forest resources

According to ‘Forest and Land Use Change in PNG 2000-2015’ (PNGFA, 2019), Papua New Guinea (PNG) has around 36.1 million hectares (ha) of forested land, which constitutes 78% of the total land area.  The country falls within the world's moist tropical rainforest zone.  With its rugged terrain, and with forests stretching from sea level to an altitude of over 4,000 m, the forest types vary from mangrove forest, swamp forest and low altitude forest, to lower montane forest, upper montane forest, and dry evergreen forest.  Three forest types however dominate PNG’s forest land: low altitude forest on plains and fans (Note: “fans” are alluvial fan deltas), low altitude forest on uplands, and lower montane forest.  Almost the full extent of the forested area is defined as primary or otherwise naturally regenerated forest, PNG having only about 62,000 ha of forest plantations.  

More than 70% of the forest land is still intact or has not been disturbed by anthropogenic activities.  Most of the forest degradation is caused by commercial logging (10.8%) followed by gardening (8.3%), fire (3.1%) and other disturbances (1.3%).  Commercial logging is common in low attitude forest, on both plains and fans and uplands. About 80% of commercial logging occurs in Western, Gulf, West New Britain, East New Britain and West Sepik provinces.  Gardening activities occur in the three major forest types, while fire occurrences are prevalent in savannah, woodland and scrub forests.  

PNG contains more than 7% of the world’s biodiversity in less than 1% of the world’s land area. It is home to 18,894 described plant species, 719 birds, 271 mammals, 227 reptiles, 266 amphibians, and 341 freshwater fish species, plus some 600 species of coral and 3000 species of reef fish.

The ‘Papua New Guinea Policy on Protected Areas 2014’ supports the development and management of a National Protected Area Network in PNG.  PNG’s new Protected Area Classification System comprises National protected areas (National Parks, Marine Sanctuaries, National Heritage Areas and Special Management Areas), as well as Regional protected areas (Community Conservation Areas and Locally Managed Marine Areas).  From a handful of Wildlife Management Areas established in the 1970s, there are now 58 Protected Areas totaling 1,724,800 ha i.e. 4% of the country’s land surface (plus, a little under 1% of the seas, with 334,400 ha), with many more yet to be gazetted.

It is estimated that only 3% of the country's overall land area is publicly owned, most of which are towns and cities, and the remaining 97% is owned or possessed by customary landowners. Customary land tenure includes the rights to almost all above-ground natural resources, including forests, and landowner groups are consequently legally entitled to be involved in decisions concerning the management of their forest.

Production and export

According to ITTO (2017), the industry of PNG in 2015 produced about 4.1 million m3 of logs, of which 89% was exported as roundwood.

The country's forest industry is predominantly based on the export of logs from natural forests. As can be seen from the graph below, China is by far the most important destination for PNG's timber, notably roundwood. The other destination markets remain important for the exports of processed wood products, such as sawn wood.

There are many species harvested from PNG's forests. The 10 most important species for export from PNG include Taun (Pometia pinnata), Merbau, locally known as Kwila (Intsia spp.), Malas (Homalium foetidum), Calophyllum (Calophyllum spp.), Terminalia (Terminalia spp.), Kamarere (Eucalyptus deglupta) from plantations, Dillenea (Dillenea spp., mainly D. papuana), Red Canarium (Canarium spp.), Pencil Cedar (Palaquium spp), and PNG Mersawa, also known as Palosapis (Anisoptera thurifera).

Cities and ports in PNG are poorly connected. Construction of new roads and improvement of existing roads is hampered by rugged mountains and a lack of government funding. Presently, only 3.5% of PNGs roads are paved. The principal ports for export in PNG are: Alotau (Milne Bay Province), Kavieng (New Ireland Province), Kimbe (West New Britain Province), Lae (Morobe Province), Lorengau (Manus Province), Madang (Madang Province), Port Moresby (National Capital District), Rabaul (East New Britain Province), Vanimo (West Sepik Province) and Wewak (East Sepik Province). As there are relatively few roads, river transport is also important for both freight and passengers in the Western and Gulf Provinces.

Sources of information

Legality framework


Forest governance

The ‘Forestry Act 1991’ regulates the conservation, management and use of PNG’s forests. Several amendments have been approved since that legislation, the latest of which is from 2010. It places the conservation and management of forests under the Ministry of Forests through the Papua New Guinea Forest Authority (PNGFA). The PNGFA is responsible for monitoring and ensuring compliance with the rules and regulations within the country's forestry sector, and is as such, among others, responsible for the allocation of timber harvesting rights in accordance with the Forestry Regulations (1998).

The Act further assigns a role to the National Forest Board (NFB) that overlooks the activities of the PNGFA, and the Provincial Forest Management Committees (PFMCs). The role of the latter is to provide a stakeholder forum that assists with the preparation, implementation and monitoring of Provincial Forest Plans and forest development programs.

The ‘Conservation and Environment Protection (CEPA) Act 2014’ places the conservation and protection of the environment under the Minister for Environment and Conservation and Climate Change through the Conservation and Environment Protection Authority (CEPA). CEPA is responsible for administering and enforcing the environmental conservation laws including the ‘Environment Act 2000’ and ‘Fauna Protection and Control Act 1966’.

Legal rights to harvest

Papua New Guinea (PNG) has a very high level of customary land ownership, at about 97% of the total country area. The Land Groups Incorporation Act 1974 enabled landowners in PNG to form a corporate body to manage their own customary land i.e. a legal form for representing customary landowners. Incorporated Land Groups (ILGs) are intended to facilitate landowner representation and benefit sharing from natural resource development.  However, the ILG mechanism is said to have been widely misused due to a number of reasons, which resulted in a proliferation and fragmentation of ILGs. The Amended Land (Tenure Conversion) Act in 1987 allowed ILGs and other customary groups to properly register their land. The Amended ILG Act in 2007 further reformed the manner in which ILGs are registered and managed. It also established a new procedure by which ILGs can make their customary land available for development, including for industrial logging.

Forest resource allocation in PNG can take place under 4 different arrangements as per the ‘Forestry Act 1991’ and Amendments.

  1. Timber Permit (TP)
  2. Timber Authority (TA)
  3. Licence (L)
  4. Forest Clearing Authority (FCA).

Any forest company must hold a valid Certificate of Incorporation as a company and also register as a Forest Industry Participant (FIP).

  • A Timber Permit (TP) is issued to a FIP by the Minister for Forests on the recommendation of the NFB. TPs apply to large scale, long-term timber harvesting operations. A permit is only granted after the timber harvest rights have been acquired from the landowners by the PNGFA through the 34-step Forest Management Agreement (FMA) process. The FMA contains a certificate from the PFMC, and outlines the landowner benefits (monetary and other), allowable cut, timber output (export logs and/or domestic processing) and agreement duration (with a review at 10 years plus every subsequent 5 years).

    Prior to the Forestry Act 1991, the PNGFA acquired timber harvest rights from landowners through the Timber Rights Purchase (TRP) Agreement process (for a TP) and the Local Forest Agreement (LFA) process for a Private Dealings with Logging & Marketing Agreement. The current Forest Act preserves old TRPs and LFAs but does not allow new ones.  The Supreme Court has since ruled (#87/2017) that TRPs can be renewed.

    The ‘Environment Act 2000’ also requires an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for timber harvesting operations where annual production exceeds 70,000m3.
  • A Timber Authority (TA) is issued to a FIP by a Provincial Minister on the recommendation of the PFMC and with the consent of the NFB. TAs apply to small-scale (and usually short-term) forestry operations. The TA holder directly acquires the rights to harvest timber from the landowners. The TA application process is outlined in the PNGFA’s ‘Guidelines for Issuing Timber Authorities’; it includes submission of a Verification of Ownership with written consent of landowners (Note: this is an internal document for PNGFA; a company would not necessarily have a copy of it. The regulations also provide for a PFMC confirmation form that landowners have signed it). Several categories of TAs exist (TA-01 to 05): TA-01 allows timber harvesting for domestic processing only from small-scale operations up to 5,000 m3  (where the area is not covered by a current FMA); and timber can also be harvested for export logs and/or domestic processing from areas allocated for road-line clearance that are associated with an FMA and less than 12.5 km in length (TA-02), land-use conversion of areas less than 50 hectares (TA-03), other forest products (TA-04), or plantation harvest (TA-05).
     
  • Holders of a Timber Permit (TP) or Timber Authority (TA) may obtain a Timber Licence (L) to conduct a forestry activity (e.g. balsa harvesting) that is outside the scope of their TP or TA. A Timber Licence has a maximum validity of 12 months and covers one Province only.
     
  • A Forest Clearing Authority (FCA) is issued to a FIP by the Minister for Forests on the recommendation of the PFMC and with the consent of the NFB. FCAs apply to large-scale conversion of forest to agricultural or other land-use (i.e. larger than TA-02 and TA-03). The FCA application process is outlined in the ‘Forestry (Amendment) Acts 2000 and 2007’. This includes submission of a Verification of Ownership and the consent of each resource-owning clan agent (or ILG, if formed), together with a Sales and Purchase Agreement between the FIP and the landowners regarding the purchase, harvesting, processing or marketing of timber.

    FCAs can be issued for road-line clearance that is more than 12.5 km in length; road-line applications require approval from the Department of Works (DOW). FCAs can also be issued for land-use conversion of an area greater than 50 hectares for agriculture (or other land-use); these applications require either a State Lease Title (e.g. Special Agriculture Business Lease (SABL) from the Department of Lands and Physical Planning (DLPP)) or other land tenure documentation (e.g. Verification of Ownership), together with the appropriate approvals from the Department of Agriculture and Livestock (DAL) and CEPA.

    The SABL land acquisition process is outlined in the ‘Land Act 1996'. Through the SABL mechanism, customary landowners lease their land to the state, which then leases the land to a lessee for land-use development purposes. If forest clearance is planned under a SABL, the developer must register as a FIP and acquire an FCA from the PNGFA to sell or utilize the logs. SABLs (hence also FCAs issued for SABLs) are a source of controversy due to the problems often associated with their approval, especially for missing to properly consult or even inform all landowners and affected communities properly before granting an SABL on their land; or because the developer decided to just cut and burn the logs.

    The ‘Environment Act 2000’ also requires an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for land clearance operations where annual production exceeds 70,000m3
Taxes and fees

The FIP is responsible for paying all required taxes, royalties, landowner premiums, fees, project development benefits and levies as defined under the specific forest resource allocation   arrangement. The PNGFA’s Provincial Forestry Offices are responsible for collecting revenues and issuing receipts. Logging Royalties are paid according to the ‘Procedures for the Identification Scaling and Reporting on Logs Harvested from Natural Forest Logging Operations’. The level of the royalties is determined by the Minister for Forests and its level is determined per species. The royalties are paid to the PNGFA that acts as trustee on behalf of landowner groups. In addition, there is a smaller Reforestation Levy. Other premiums that are paid in cash or kind to the landowner may also apply.

The FIP is also responsible for paying the correct export duties and levies as required by the PNG Customs Service and any other regulated agency fees. Export tax and levies do not apply to plantation logs or processed wood products. Under PNG’s ‘Procedures for Exporting Logs’, the SGS PNG Ltd company (SGS) is contracted by the PNG Government to operate a Log Export Monitoring System. This involves checking that log export volumes and species are correctly declared and that all export tax and levy calculations are correct. Processed wood products are exported and also need an Export Permit but no export tax or levy is charged and SGS is not required to inspect. The Log Export Tax is the principle tax for export logging companies, which is paid to the Internal Revenue Commission (IRC). The re-introduced tax on log exports is progressive, with increasing shares for more valuable timber. In practice, it means that the minimum log export tax is 25%, gradually increasing to 59% according to the log value. The document used to calculate these taxes is the Export Entry for Customs, which is based on the Inspection Report realized by SGS after ship loading. Poles in the rough and squared logs also fall under this tax regime. Under the PNG Government’s 2020 budget, the Log Export Tax has been raised from 35% to 59% which has led to a recent decline in average monthly log volumes. The Log Export Development Levy (LEDL) exists for projects in the affected districts, defined at 8.00 Kina per cubic meter in the ‘Forest Bill 2006’, except for plantation logs. This levy is paid to Customs at the time of export. 

In January 2019, local newspapers further reported that the PNG Government was working on a proposed law that would put a tax on logging companies that repeatedly report losses, and for that reason are exempt from income taxes. No official confirmation of this has yet been found.

Timber harvesting activities

The specific requirements for timber harvesting activities depend on the forest resource allocation arrangement.

  • Timber Permit (TP) holders are required to submit 5-year Forest Working Plans with 1% inventory, Annual Logging Plans with 1% inventory, and Set-up Plans with 10% inventory to the PNGFA for approval. These 3 levels of planning are outlined in the PNGFA’s ‘Planning, Monitoring and Control Procedures for Natural Forest Logging Operations under Timber Permit’. 
  • Timber Authorities (TA) issued for domestic processing (TA-01) require an Annual (or less) Project Plan with 10% inventory. TAs issued for road line clearance (TA-02), land-use conversion (TA-03), and other forest products (TA-04) require an Annual (or less) Project Plan with 1% inventory. TAs issued for plantation harvest (TA-5) require 5-year Forest Working Plans with 1% inventory, Annual Logging Plans 1% inventory, and Set-up Plans 10% inventory. These 3 levels of planning are outlined in the PNGFA’s ‘Guidelines for Issuing Timber Authorities’.
  • Licence (L) holders (See above) are not required to submit plans for timber harvesting activities that are outside the scope of their TP or TA.
  • Forest Clearing Authorities (FCAs) issued for land-use conversion require 5-year Forest Working Plans, Annual Logging Plans and Set-up Plans. FCAs issued for road-line clearance require a map (no scale specified) and a description of the road-line project giving details of land tenure and the route in numbered 5 km sections.

The ‘Environment Act 2000’ specifies the environmental approvals required for timber harvesting and processing operations. Environmental Permits are required for minor forest activities (i.e. TAs), forestry and production of timber products (i.e. TP or TL) and forest harvesting and land clearance (i.e. FCA). Logging operations must also comply with the ‘Papua New Guinea Logging Code of Practice 1996’.

The PNGFA’s ‘Procedures for the Identification, Scaling and Reporting (including royalty self-assessment) on logs harvested from Natural Forest Logging Operations’ specify the post-harvest requirements for log marking, scaling and record keeping. This includes Log Scaler Licences (logs must be measured by a PNGFA registered log scaler), Log Scaling Sheets (log measurements must be recorded in the official PNGFA sheets), Certificate of Satisfactory Completion of Work (Set-up), and Monthly Log Returns (must be submitted to PNGFA). Every log pond and base camp requires a signed Landowner Log Pond/Logging Base Camp Location Consent Form.

PNG’s ‘Procedures for Exporting Logs’ requires log exporters to receive inspection and certification by a third party prior to export, to confirm the place of origin, species, volume and price of the logs. The inspection is carried out by SGS using barcoded tags that are attached to all logs at the set-up landing. Each tag has two tear-off sheets that are removed at the time of shipment (one for the SGS Inspector and the other for the Exporter). 

Third parties' rights

It is estimated that between 97 and 99% of PNG’s forests are held under customary ownership by indigenous landowners. Customary landownership is enshrined in the PNG Constitution and protected by legislation including the ‘Land Act 1996’ and the ‘Forestry Act 1991’.

The specific requirements for ensuring the rights of customary landowners are recognized and respected depend on the forest resource allocation arrangement:

  • Under a Timber Permit (TP), the PNG Government acquires the rights to harvest timber from the customary landowners through the FMA (or TRP) process (see Legal rights to harvest).  All Set-up Plan applications must include a signed ‘Landowner Cultural Site Identification Form’.
  • Under a Timber Authority (TA), the FIP directly acquires the timber rights from the customary landowners (see Legal rights to harvest). Applications for TA-01 to 04 must include a signed Verification of Ownership and Consent of Land Owners form.  Applications for TA-05 must include proof of consent from the legal owners of the plantation and the plantation materials.
  • Under a Licence (L), there are no additional requirements for activities that are outside the scope of the TP or TA.
  • Under a Forest Clearing Authority (FCA) for land-use conversion, the PNG Government acquires the rights to harvest timber from the customary landowners through the State Lease Title process (see Legal rights to harvest). Under an FCA for road-line clearance, the FIP directly acquires the timber rights from the customary landowners. Applications for road-line clearance must include signed Verification of Ownership and Consent of Land Owners forms.
Trade and transport

Log export and/or domestic processing are allowed under the TP, TA, L and FCA arrangements (except TA-01 which allows domestic processing only). For export, both an Export Permit issued by the Minister of Forests, and an Export Licence issued by the Department of Trade, Commerce and Industry (DTCI) are required.

Negotiated prices for sales of logs need to be endorsed by the Marketing Branch of the PNGFA before finalization of the sales contract. After endorsement, the sales contract must be submitted to the PNGFA together with an application for an Export Licence. This is a formal requirement under the DTCI’s ‘Exports (Control and Validation) Ordinance 1973’. Subsequently, PNGFA will issue the Export Permit. At the same time - under PNG’s Procedures for Exporting Logs (April 1996) - SGS must be notified of all impending log shipments using an official information sheet. The exporter is required to ensure that royalty payments have been made on all logs included in the ‘Statement of Logs to be Exported’. SGS checks the details of the permitted shipment as shown on the ‘Log Export Permit’ with the summary of the ‘Statement of Logs to be Exported’, and does a physical check on the logs for correct scaling and species identification. Once ship loading has been completed SGS produces a ‘Log Inspection Report’ presenting the official verification of which type of timber species and which volume is being shipped/exported. This report is used by both the PNGFA and Customs Boarding Officers to clear shipments at time of export. The exporter is then required to send copies of all commercial documents (Bill of Lading, Invoice, and Export Entry) to the SGS Head Office to facilitate entry into a log export database and subsequent reporting.

Key documents

The below listed key documents are based on the applicable legislation and are considered to play a key role in demonstrating legal origin. The full list of applicable legislation is accessible here (Source: PNG’s Timber Legality Standard (2013) Annex: Relevant laws, regulations and conventions). Note: The full list remains accurate. It has been removed from the latest version of the PNG Timber Legality Standard (2019). Annex 4 of the latter however provides ‘Specific Acts, Regulations and other documents defining timber legality in PNG’. This is a much shorter list, but it complements the previous list with legal texts enacted after the 2013 version of the Standard, and with the “Responsible agency” identified for each one, and also adding a few older references.

Harvesting

PNGFA
Demonstrates that the TP or FCA holder’s 5-year Working Plan was approved by the PNGFA for implementation. A copy of the template letter from the PNGFA Managing Director is provided.
PNGFA
Demonstrates that the TP, FCA or TA holder’s Annual Logging plan was approved by the PNGFA for implementation. A copy of the template letter from the PNGFA Managing Director is provided.
Investment Promotion Authority (IPA)
Proof of registration as a company under the Companies Act 1997.
PNGFA
Proof of registration as forest industry (including timber processing) participant under the Forestry Act 1991.
PNGFA
Every Set-up must be inspected and closed out by the PNGFA Forest Officer/ Inspector (Project supervisor).
CEPA
Describes the potential impacts of timber harvesting operations on the environment where annual production exceeds 70,000 m3.
PNGFA
Allows FCA holder to harvest more than 50 ha for land-use conversion with State Lease Title, or more than 12.5 km for road-line clearance.
PNGFA
Allows PNGFA to acquire timber rights from customary owners in return for specified benefits (monetary and other). The FMA is between the State and Landowners – not the Timber Permit Holder, who may not have a copy of it.
Required for all Set-up Plan applications to a Timber Permit (TP), signed by the landowners.
Required for every Log Pond and Base Camp, signed by the landowners.
PNGFA
Records log species, length, diameter and defects with reference to the log tag numbers which are attached at the set-up landing.
SGS
Official log tag attached to the logs from the log landing to its final destination, allowing to trace the log back to the corresponding block of harvest.
Declaration of logs harvested and Royalty Self-Assessment submitted by the logging operator (FIP).
PNGFA
Demonstrates that the TP or FCA holder’s Set-up Plan was approved by the PNGFA for implementation. A copy of the template letter from the PNGFA Project Supervisor is provided.
PNGFA
Allows TA holder to harvest up to 5,000 m3 of logs for 12 months (TA-01), less than 50 ha for land-use conversion (TA-02), less than 12.5 km for road-line clearance (TA-03), other forest products (TA-04), and plantation timber (TA-05).
PNGFA
Allows TP or TA holder to conduct a forestry activity that is outside the scope of their harvest rights.
PNGFA
Allows TP holder to harvest logs for a set period for export and/or domestic processing.

Processing and Trade

Department of Trade, Commerce and Industry (DTCI)
Allows export of a specific batch of logs logs and/or processed products, where the sales contract has been endorsed by the PNGFA.
Ministry of Forests
Allows export of a specific batch of logs logs and/or processed products under the TP, TA or FCA arrangements, prior to removal and transportation.
SGS
Reports whether the ‘Log Export Permit’ matches the ‘Statement of Logs to be Exported’ with regards to log scaling and species identification.

Bans and quota

The following species are banned from export in log form under the PNG Government’s ‘International Trade (Fauna and Flora) Act 1979’ and Amendments:

  • Kauri Pine (Agathis spp.)
  • Hoop Pine (Araucaria cunninghamii)
  • Klinkii Pine (Araucaria hunsteinii)
  • Celery-Top Pine (Phyllocladus hypophyllus)
  • Cordia (Cordia dichotoma)
  • Dacrydium (Dacrydium nidulum)
  • Ebony (Diospyros ferrea)
  • Kerosene wood (Cordia subcordata)
  • Libocedrus (Libocedrus pauanus)
  • Podocarp (Podocarpus spp.)
  • Brown Podocarp (Decussocarpus wallichianus)
  • Highland Podocarp (Dacrycarpus imbricatus)
  • Rosewood (Pterocarpus indicus)
  • Balsa (Ochroma lagopus)
  • Blackbean (Castanospermum australe)

Cites and protected species

No tree species growing in PNG are listed on CITES Appendix II.

National action on timber legality

PNG has a system for monitoring round log exports (LEMS) that is implemented by Société Générale de Surveillance (SGS) as set out in ‘Timber harvesting activities’ above. As provided in the Procedures for Exporting Logs (April 2016), SGS ensures that, at the time of export, all logs exported have a legal Export Permit and Licence, and are properly declared, that the cargoes are correctly valued (based on PNGFA approved prices and volumes as per the SGS Inspection Report), and that export taxes have been paid. The SGS system only enables tracing of logs back to logging set-ups, not to individual stumps. In addition, the system does not involve any checks on the legality of licence issuance, harvesting practices or most other forest-related regulations.

PNG has not expressed interest and is currently not negotiating a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) with the EU under the EU Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT).

In June 2020, the National Executive Council (NEC) directed the National Institute for Standards & Industrial Technology (NISIT) to formulate a submission to the Minister for Commerce & Industry to endorse and gazette the PNG Timber Legality Standard. The NEC noted the development process, which involved hands-on drafting and field-testing activities with forestry stakeholders over a number of years, with financial support from the International Tropical Timber Organisation (ITTO) and the Responsible Asia Forestry & Trade Program (RAFT 3).

Third party certification

As of February 2019, PNG had 36,925 hectares of forest covered by FSC Forest Management certificates, all of which is plantation forest and part of two companies (Stettin Bay Lumber & Open Bay Timbers). This is currently the only third-party certification scheme with valid certificates in the country. In the past there had been some valid SGS Timber Legality and Traceability Verification (TLTV) forest statements, but these statements have expired and will not be renewed as SGS no longer offers the TLTV service anywhere in the world.

Sources of information

Contacts

CELCOR (Center for environmental law and community rights Inc.)
PO Box 4373
Boroko
National Capital District
Papua New Guinea
Tel: +675 323 4509
CELCOR is a not for profit, non-governmental organisation that works to protect the environmental and customary rights of the people of PNG.
Foundation for People and Community Development (FPCD)
PO Box 1119
Boroko
National Capital District
Papua New Guinea
Tel: +675 325 8470
FPCD helps Papua New Guineans to develop and manage their own forest resources for environmental, economic and social benefits.
Pacific Island Projects (PIP)
PO Box 50
Rabaul
East New Britain Province
Papua New Guinea
Tel: +675 982 1295
PIP is a not-for-profit enterprise that supplies the sustainable forestry sector with a holistic, one-stop source of information; operating though a growing network of resource centres and schools at national, provincial, district and local levels.
Papua New Guinea Forest Research Institute (FRI)
PO Box 314
Lae
Morobe Province
Papua New Guinea
Tel: +675 472 4188
FRI is the government body charged with the responsibility to provide a sound basis for the sustainable management of PNG’s forests through applied scientific research and dissemination of information.
Papua New Guinea Forest Authority (PNGFA)
PO Box 5055
Boroko
National Capital District
Papua New Guinea
Tel: + 675 327 7800
PNGFA is the government body responsible for monitoring and controlling the wood and forest-based industries and the management of PNG's forest resources.
Papua New Guinea Forest Industries Association Inc. (PNG FIA)
PO Box 229
Waigani
National Capital District
Papua New Guinea
PNG FIA is an incorporated membership association of companies that are involved in all levels of operation in the timber industry in PNG.
SGS PNG Limited
PO Box 1260
Port Moresby
Papua New Guinea
Tel: +675 323 1433
SGS PNG Ltd, a company of the Switzerland-based SGS Group of companies, is an independent certification, verification and testing body responsible for the implementation of a Log Export Monitoring System under PNG’s Procedures for Exporting Logs.
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) - Western Melanesia Programme
Allotment 016, Section 55,
Baroko Lokua Avenue, Port Moresby,
National Capital District
Papua New Guinea
Tel: +675 325 1179
WWF has been working on conservation issues in PNG and the Solomon Islands for many years. Its Western Melanesia Programme Office is based in PNG and encompasses the Solomon Islands.

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