Liberia has around 4.2 million hectares of forested land, which constitutes 43.4% of the total land area. The current deforestation rate is of 30,000 ha / year, with conversion for agriculture and mining being the main drivers. However, uncontrolled logging is a significant cause of forest degradation.
The Protected Forest Area Network Act (2003) aims at least 30% of the existing forest area of Liberia, representing about 1.5 million hectares. According to Fauna & Flora of Liberia and other sources, Liberia currently has five main protected forest areas: the Sapo National Forest (Sinoe County), the East Nimba Nature Reserve (Nimba County), the Lake Piso Multiple Use Reserve, the Gola National Forest Park (Gbarpolu County), and the Grebo-Krahn National Park (River Gee County/Sinoe), covering a total area of 454,800 ha, or 4.1 % of the country’s area.
These conserved forests have been hampered mainly by hunters, loggers and miners as reports have suggested over time. Several other areas are on the verge of being protected, and attempts are being made to connect existing protected areas using existing forests between them. The number of proposed areas for protection continues to increase with the discovery of the presence of endangered species and of diminishing ecosystem.