Over the past century, Côte d'Ivoire's forest cover has declined from about 16 million hectares to less than three million hectares, with only about 500,000 hectares of primary forest remaining (IFFN, 2021).
Three different ecological zones can be distinguished in Côte d’Ivoire:
Most of the forests in Côte d'Ivoire are severely damaged or are in the early stages of secondary growth, with the exception of protected forest areas (national parks, nature reserves) and some classified forests.
The results of Côte d'Ivoire's recent National Forest and Wildlife Inventory (IFFN - Inventaire Forestier et Faunique National) indicate a national forest area of 2.97 million ha. This figure consists of:
Over the past century, forest cover in Côte d'Ivoire has declined from about 16 million hectares to less than three million hectares, with only about 517,000 hectares of primary forest remaining. This deforestation is mainly due to the conversion of the forest to agriculture, some of which is illegal. Nevertheless, the forests still contribute greatly to Côte d'Ivoire's economy, and provide jobs and livelihood to the local populations. Most of the industrial timber production is for the export market. (BNETD 2015).
Côte d’Ivoire's political and administrative capital is Yamoussoukro, although almost all institutions are located in Abidjan, its main economic centre.
The ownership of forests is vested in any person who holds a land title, an agreement with the holder of the land title or a customary right (articles 25 and 27 of the Forestry Code). National parks, nature reserves and classified forests are owned by the State.
|Land surface||31.8 million hectares|
|Forest cover||2.8 million hectares (8.8%); mostly other naturally regenerated forest
|Production forest||0.8 million hectares designated for production|
63.8% publicly owned
|Annual change rate||-3.3% per year; over the past 10 years (2010-2020)|
Source: FAO, 2020
See also: Global Forest Ressources Assessment 2020, FAO