Legal rights to harvest
The State Forestry Enterprises (SFE’s) are the executive bodies of the Agency and manage the forest and organize timber production. They are obliged to offer the logs within the region on timber auctions, where only Ukrainian companies are allowed to buy it. The unsold remains can be sold directly by the State Forestry Enterprises. (Probos, 2007).
Only citizens and legal entities of Ukraine may own forests in Ukraine. According to the applicable Law of Ukraine "On concessions", concessions cannot be owned by forestry enterprises.
For state owned forests subordinated to the State Agency of Forest Resources of Ukraine (SAFRU) legal rights to harvest are based on availability of:
- a forest inventory with plan and cartographic materials,
- approval of annual allowable cut,
- forest cutting ticket (issued by Regional Directorate of SAFRU), logging technological maps of cutting areas which reflect nature conservation requirements,
- permits for employees to carry out high risk tasks.
For state enterprises which are not subordinated to SAFRU, communal or privately owned forests there are no uniform legal requirements on setting land tenure and management rights. But other requirements are the same for communal and privately owned land (approval of annual allowable cut, forest cutting ticket, logging technological maps, permits to carry out high risk tasks).