National Forestry and Grassland Administration (NFGA), which belongs to the Ministry of Natural Resources of the People's Republic of China, is the central agency responsible for China’s forestry and grassland activities. Formerly, this agency was known as the State Forestry Administration (SFA). The NFGA is responsible for policy making, plantation establishment, conservation and wood industry management. The NFGA is also leading China’s international efforts to fight illegal timber and associated trade from and to China, together with the Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Customs. Also, there are local forestry bureaus at the provincial/municipal/county level, responsible for regional forestry activities located in different cities, which are subject to the NFGA.
At present, the main forest codes in effect are the “Forest Law of The People's Republic of China (2019 Amendment)”, adopted in 1984 and most recently revised in 2019, and the “Regulation on the Implementation of the Forestry Law of the People's Republic of China (2018 Revision)”, which entered into force in 2000 and was most recently revised in 2018. The latter will be further revised in 2020 based on the revised Forest Law (2019).
China’s 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020), announced in May 2016 sets out binding economic and environmental targets that include:
- Increasing total forestland coverage (to 23.04%)
- Increasing nature reserve area (to 17% of the total land area)
- Increasing forest stock volume (to 16.5 billion m3)