According to the FAO (2020) Indonesia has around 92.0 million hectares of forested land, which constitutes to 53.0% of the total land area. Around 87.6 million hectares are primary or otherwise naturally regenerated forest, and around 4.5 million hectares are planted forest.
Indonesia has three categories of forest land: Conservation Forests, Protection Forests, and Production Forests. MoEF (2018) stated that Production forests (Hutan Produksi, HP) covers about 57% (68.8 million hectares) of the Indonesian forest area. Conservation forests (Hutan Konservasi) covers a total area of 22.1 million hectares or 18 % (with an additional 5.3 million hectares of marine conservation areas). While Protection forests (Hutan lindung) have watershed functions and cover the remaining 29.7 million hectares or 25 %. Most of Indonesia’s remaining land area is made up of non-forest public lands, known as Areas for Other Purposes (Areal Penggunaan Lain, or APL).