Timber harvesting activities
STATE FOREST (HUTAN NEGARA) – natural forest
Referring to the recent Regulation for Timber Administration, Nr. P60 from 2016 and P.43 from 2015. for natural forest (IUPHHK-HA) and forest conversion (IPK), prior to the development of Annual Operational Plan, the licensee must carry out a 100% pre-harvest inventory for merchantable species and tagged with a barcode label that specifies information such as compartment, tree number, species, diameter, tree height and tree position scanned with an Android handheld. The results of the pre-harvest inventory must be recorded electronically in an Inventory Report (Laporan Hasil Cruising - LHC) and uploaded it to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry Wood On-line Administration System (Sistem Informasi Peredaran Hasil Hutan / SIPUHH).
Once the tree is felled and extracted to the log landing, the licensee must scale and grade the timber, and record it electronically in a Scaling & Grading Report (Buku Ukur), then upload it to SIPUHH-database. As the measurement at the log landing is considered a final one, the uploaded data will be retrieved as a draft to settle applicable tax and royalties.
Once tax and royalties has been settled, the licensee will be able to generate a Report on Timber Production (Laporan Hasil Produksi - LHP) then haul the logs to log yard. At the log yard, all logs will be stacked until the volume of the barge is reached. Prior to the shipment, the licensee needs to generate a Legal Transport Document (Surat Keterangan Sahnya Hasil Hutan - SKSHH) to accompany the timber during the shipment.
STATE FOREST (HUTAN NEGARA) – plantations
Once the tree is felled and extracted to the nearest log landing, the concession must carry out Scaling & Grading either for each individual tree or grouped with the conversion of staple meter/weight. Further process is similar with natural forest where once the measurement is completed then it needs to be recorded in a Grading Measurement Report (Buku Ukur), then the concession has to settle applicable and relevant taxes & fees then the concession can generate a Production Report (Laporan Hasil Produksi - LHP). The production report is produced on a bi-weekly basis and as a basis to issue legal transport document called Surat Keterangan Sahnya Hasil Hutan (SKSHH).
PRIVATE FOREST (HUTAN HAK)
For private land, there is no requirement to carry out any pre-harvest activities. Once the tree is felled and transported for delivery, the timber needs to have a Legal Transport Document (Nota Angkutan). This document contains information such as name of land owner, species, volume, destination, location of harvesting site, etc. The land owner can obtain a copy of this document from the relevant authority at no cost and fill out this form manually, according to Regulation P.85 from 2016 and P.48 from 2017. However, to prevent the abuse of this document, the government limits the scope for the use of the Legal Transport Document. It can be used for all private land on Jawa and Bali. For timber export from private land on other islands, the scope is limited to 23 timber species: Jati (Teak), Mahoni (Mahogany), Nyawai, Gmelina, Lamtoro, Kaliandra, akasia (Acacia), Kemiri, Durian, Cempedak, Dadap, Duku, Jambu, Jengkol, Kelapa, Kecapi, Kenari, Mangga, Manggis, Melinjo, Nangka, Rambutan, Randu, Sawo, Sukun, Trembesi, Waru, Karet, Jabon, Sengon and Petai.
Land owners of private forest or community forest are not required to obtain an SVLK certificate (Sistem Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu) / Timber Legality Verification System certificate. Instead, another Supplier Verification Form (Dokumen Kesesuaian Pemasok - DKP) is considered as legal evidence adhering to SVLK.