Trade and transport
In terms of traceability each extraction agency has been allocated a specific sign which is stamped on all logs from that agency (area). All logs should be marked with the specific hammer-mark of the extraction agency, enabling traceability to the level of extraction agency. The hammer marks are applied to the stem of trees to be felled as well as to the end of logs at various points for the transport of logs from the forest to processing or export from the port in Yangon.
The physical flow of timber from the forest to export markets or domestic industry is limited to official MTE depots. The strictest forms of control are exerted for teak logs, which, theoretically, shall all be transported to MTE log depots in Yangon for re-distribution. This excludes low grade teak logs which can be sold locally. In terms of legality it is key that the Royalty Mark is present on the log, since this signifies that all applicable royalties have been paid (NEPCon, 2013).
The Myanmar Timber Merchants Association compiled a compilation of export documentation to assure that the buyer of timber products from Myanmar that the exporter has complied with the legal and procedural requirement. This list includes:
- Certificate of Incorporation
- Exporter-Importer Registration
- Certificate of Membership of the UMFCCI
- Myanmar Forest Products Merchants Federation Membership Certificate
- Certificate for Legality of Forest Products
- Export Licence
- Export Declaration
- Bill of Lading
According to the 2016 MONREC Letter to the Union Government Forest 4/1/04/D1/1873/2016 exports can only be carried out through three designated ports in Yangon (the ‘Old Port’, the. Asian World Container Port (AWCP), and the Myanmar International Terminal Thilwa (MITT).
In 2017 open tenders for log sale to private companies were introduced, along with a computerized system of log registration.