• Brazil

Overview of timber sector of Brazil

Production and processing

main harvested species

Commonly harvested tropical species for industrial roundwood (ITTO, 2011), in terms of volume:

  • Maçaranduba (Manilkara huberi)
  • Angelim (Dinizia excelsa)
  • Cupiúba (Goupia glabra)
  • Jatobá (Hymenaea courbaril)
  • Cedrinho (Erisma uncinatum)
Other common native species:

  • Amapa (Brosimum utile)
  • Cumaru (Dipteryx odorata)
  • Faveira (Parkia spp.)
  • Garapa (Apuleia leiocarpa)
High value species:

  • Ipê-amarelo / Brazilian walnut (Handroanthus serratifolius; previously referred to as Tabebuia serratifolia)
  • Ipê-roxo / Brazilian walnut (Handroanthus impetiginosus; previously referred to as Tabebuia impetiginosa)
  • Cedro Vermelho / Cedar (Cedrela odorata). This species is listed on CITES Appendix III.
  • Itaúba (Mezilaurus itauba)
Principal plantation species:

  • Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.)
  • Pines (Pinus spp.)
Other plantation species:

  • Acacia (Acacia spp.)
  • Teak (Tectona spp.)
  • Parica (Schizolobium amazonicum)
  • Rubber Wood (Hevea brasiliensis)

The key processing sites are principally located in Belém and Santarém in the state of Para.


The main products Brazil exports are mouldings (softwood and hardwood), plywood, furniture, joinery, pulp and paper and sawn wood.
In the figure below we see that the main destination markets for Brazil are the USA, Mexico and Europe.


Overview of timber sector of Brazil : Export

Logistics infrastructure

Brazil’s main ports for softwood lumber export are the southern ports of Paranaguá, São Francisco do Sul and Itajaí, while the main ports for hardwood lumber export are Belém, Belém Islands, Santarém and Vila do Conde in the northern part of the country, and Paranaguá in the south.

Data table

(X 1000m3)
(X 1000m3)
Domestic consumption
(X 1000m3)
(X 1000m3)
logs 145.102 19 144.880 241
Sawnwood 11.330 16 8.712 2.634
Veneer 550 3 476 77
Plywood 2.564 4 548 2.021

ITTO (2019), data 2017