According to an AfDB study conducted by FRMi in 2018, Gabon has about 22.3 million hectares of forest areas and from FAO study 23,5 million hectares (2020), which represents 87% of the nation's total area. Almost all of the forest area consists of primary or naturally regenerated forests.
There are three major forest types:
With a low overall population density and large forest area Gabon faces a relatively low forest loss of 0.12% per year and an average degradation rate of 0.09%.
The main causes for deforestation are small-scale agriculture established along roadways and urban development, while the main causes of forest degradation are industrial mining and illegal logging in opened-up areas.
Gabon is a forest country where the fauna and flora are still well preserved and protected in thirteen national parks and some other protected areas (covering in total more than 12% of the country'sterritory).
The Lopé National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Gabon is divided into 9 provinces, each headed by a governor, which are in turn subdivided into departments under a prefect and, in some cases, into districts under a sub-prefect.
The full 100% of the Gabonese forests is owned by the state, although the management of the forest areas can be divided into three different categories:
|Land surface||25.8 million hectares|
|Forest cover||23.5 million hectares (87%) - (2020)|
|Production forest||14.0 million hectares designated for production|
|Forest ownership||100% publicly owned|
|Annual change rate||-0.05% per year between 2010 and 2020|
Source: FAO, 2015
See also: Global Forest Ressources Assessment 2020, FAO