The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) is the primary government agency responsible for the conservation, management, development, and proper use of the country’s forests (EO No. 192, Series of 1987). The Forest Management Bureau (FMB), one of the staff bureaus of the DENR, is the government agency responsible for providing technical guidance to the central and field offices for the effective protection, development, and conservation of forestlands and watersheds.
The primary law governing Philippines’ forestlands and forest resources is Presidential Decree No. 705, Series of 1975, otherwise known as the Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines, as amended (PD 1559 of 1978, PD 1775 of 1981, EO 277 of 1987, and RA 7161 of 1991). PD 705 mandates for the proper classification, management and utilization of the lands of the public domain to maximize their productivity to meet the demands of the country’s increasing population.
On the other hand, in 1995, EO No. 263 was issued adopting Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM) as the national strategy to ensure the sustainable development of the country’s forestland resources and providing mechanisms for its implementation.
Moreover, in 2004, EO No. 318 was issued promoting sustainable forest management in the Philippines.
In addition, to abate the continued deforestation and degradation of forests, in 2011, EO No. 23 was issued declaring a moratorium on the cutting and harvesting of timber in the natural and residual forest and creating the (currently inactive) Anti-Illegal Logging Task Force. On the same year, EO No. 26 was issued declaring an interdepartmental convergence initiative for a National Greening Program (NGP). E.O No. 26 provides that the NGP shall plant some 1.5 billion trees covering about 1.5 M ha for a period of six (6) years from 2011 to 2016 in the specific lands of the public domain. The NGP was extended and expanded until 2028 pursuant to EO No. 193, Series of 2015.