Trade and transport
Timber requires an export license in accordance with the Export And Import Of Goods Act, BE 2522 (1979). In 2020, the Royal Forest Department (RFD) launched the Regulation for issuing the letter of Certification for trade and Export of Timber, Wood Products and Charcoal (Ror Mor 8 Form). Exporters of logs, sawn wood, or charcoal derived from any species of wood must obtain an Export Permit (Or. 2) from the Department of Foreign Trade. To obtain such Export Permit (Or. 2), exporters must submit proof of legality to the Department of Foreign Trade, under the Ministry of Commerce. Legality documents may include RFD-issued certificates (Ror mor 8) for charcoal, logs or sawn wood, issued for each consignment, as well as a Removal Pass (Transportation Certificate).
For charcoal, RFD will also issue, upon request, a Certificate of Charcoal from Private Lands (if sourced from private lands). A Certificate of Restricted Wood Product is issued for furniture and wood products made from restricted species. If a Certificate of Origin is required, exporters can apply for such from the Department of Foreign Trade.
For export of products of CITES-listed species, a Conservation Species Export Permit is issued, as appropriate, by the Department of Agriculture. Teak logs and teak sawn wood, only harvested from plantations, can be legally exported only by the Forest Industry Organization (FIO), based on Ministry of Commerce Regulation of Log and Timber Exporting B.E.2549 (2006). In addition, Phytosanitary Certificates are issued by the Department of Agriculture.
These documents, as relevant, need to be submitted together with standard export documents, including Export Declaration (Customs Form 101 or 101/1), invoice, bill of lading, insurance, packing list, and a Foreign Transaction Form (if the export value exceeds Baht 500,000 or approximately US$16,000) to the Customs Department.