Based on the annual report by MAFF in 2017, there are 42 mill companies being operated for processed wood and timber in the country. Some of the main companies are: Think Biotech, Camagra Investment Group, and Angkor Plywood. The mills are mainly located within the Economic Land Concession (ELC) areas and process timber deriving from land clearing activities. Some mill companies are also established outside concession areas and use timber purchased from domestic suppliers. Those mills mainly produce processed wood, furniture, wood carving, souvenir, wood chip, plywood and veneer to supply domestic market and export (FA, 2011).
The main species uses for wood processing are acacia (Acacia spp.) and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) (FA, 2011).
Following to ITTO’s estimation in 2020, Cambodia produced about 813,000m3 of roundwood. The country’s wood production is low since the government has banned logging permits in natural forests in 2002 and suspended the export of timber in 2006. Currently, the major source of timber comes from land clearing in economic land concession; from hydro power projects; mining areas; and production forests. These timber resources need to be processed locally in mills prior to export (TWGFR, 2014).
Cambodia exported around 13,410m3 of roundwood in 2020. According to the calculations of the International Trade Center in 2019, Cambodia exported wood products such as plywood, veneered panel, and similar laminated wood to the main destination markets in the USA (92.7%), China (5.7%), Vietnam (0.8%), Canada (0.3%), Chinese Taipei (0.1%) and Singapore (0.1%). The total export value of primary timber products accounts for about 190 million US dollars.
Cambodia has two international ports which are Phnom Penh Port and Sihanoukville Port. Most of wood production is harvested and transported locally by traders or private companies by using trucks from the source areas to designated international border gates for the export to neighboring countries, Thailand and Vietnam or to the ports for other international destinations.
ITTO (2021), data 2020