Corruption Perception Index
A country's score indicates the perceived level of public sector corruption on a scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).
Source: Transparency International
Bans & quota
Cambodia has banned all logging in all natural forests for commercial purpose since 2006 except customary use right by local communities and private forest registered by the government. Currently, there are no forest concessions since the government cancelled all concession companies in 2002 (ITTO, 2002) and suspended new grants of the ELC in 2012 (Order 01BB).
The government has prohibited the export of timber in 2006 (sub-decree on timber and non-timber forest products for export and import) for the following products:
- Logs whether debarked or not
- Crude or rough sawn timber
- Squared logs with a thickness or width of more than 25cm, even when smoothed
- Oil extracted from Moreah Proeuv (Dyxolilum lorreiri), yellow vine and yellow vine powder
- Firewood and charcoal from natural forests
CITES and protected species
The following species from Cambodia are listedin CITES Appendix II namely:
- Dalbergia (Rosewood), including Dalbergia cochinchinesis known as Siamese rosewood or Kronhung and Dalbergia oliveri known as Neang Nuon.
- Aquilaria spp., including Aquilaria crassna (Agarwood)
- Diospyros ferrea (Black ebony)
National action on timber legality
The Forestry Administration has collaborated with the FAO-EU Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) to increase sustainable and legal timber through plantations. Through its commitments, FLEGT Work Plan has been adopted in 2021 with four target interventions including developing a Cambodian Timber Legality Definition, review laws and regulations, capacity building and testing model areas of timber trading originating from community forestry and plantations.
Public Private Partnerships have also been promoted by allowing the Forestry Administration to cooperated with private sectors to plant tree on degraded forest land and unused state land. In addition, a Prakas (proclamation) guideline on private forest was issued in 2017 to encourage private sector to plant and establish private forest in order to increase a source of forest and non-timber forest products originating from plantations for processing and supply to domestic market and export.
Third party certification
In 2012, Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification was firstly provided to a private company that received a land lease around 7900 hectares as ELC agreement with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries to develop commercial reforestation of high value tree species such as Mahogany, Teak, Eucalyptus etc (Grandis timber). In January 2021, Cambodia has engaged with The Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) to promote trade and sustainable forest management by reducing pressure on forests through improved governance in the country.