Corruption Perception Index21
A country's score indicates the perceived level of public sector corruption on a scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).
Source: Transparency International
Cambodia has banned all logging in all natural forests for commercial purpose since 2006 except customary use right by local communities and private forest registered by the government. Currently, there are no forest concessions since the government cancelled all concession companies in 2002 (ITTO, 2002) and suspended new grants of the ELC in 2012 (Order 01BB).
The government has prohibited the export of timber in 2006 (sub-decree on timber and non-timber forest products for export and import) for the following products:
The following species from Cambodia are listedin CITES Appendix II namely:
The Forestry Administration has collaborated with the FAO-EU Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) to increase sustainable and legal timber through plantations. Through its commitments, FLEGT Work Plan has been adopted in 2021 with four target interventions including developing a Cambodian Timber Legality Definition, review laws and regulations, capacity building and testing model areas of timber trading originating from community forestry and plantations.
Public Private Partnerships have also been promoted by allowing the Forestry Administration to cooperated with private sectors to plant tree on degraded forest land and unused state land. In addition, a Prakas (proclamation) guideline on private forest was issued in 2017 to encourage private sector to plant and establish private forest in order to increase a source of forest and non-timber forest products originating from plantations for processing and supply to domestic market and export.
In 2012, Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification was firstly provided to a private company that received a land lease around 7900 hectares as ELC agreement with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries to develop commercial reforestation of high value tree species such as Mahogany, Teak, Eucalyptus etc (Grandis timber). In January 2021, Cambodia has engaged with The Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) to promote trade and sustainable forest management by reducing pressure on forests through improved governance in the country.