Timber harvesting activities
For planning purposes a timber concession is normally sub-divided into 20 harvesting units in line with a 20 year rotation system. These units can be utilized for logging during any one year and are known as an Annual Cutting Area (in Spanish: Parcela de Corta Anual - PCA). If a timber concession measures 20.000 hectares, one PCA is 1.000 hectares. This PCA may yield a forest company 5.000 m3 round wood (per year) if the annual allowable cut (AAC) is defined at 5 m3 per hectare.
The concessionaire must submit an Operational Plan (Plan Operativo - PO), covering the PCA, for review and approval by ARFFS. This plan specifies the details of the annual harvest and includes a species and volume list and a map with the location of trees to be extracted, based on the forest inventory and forest census. As of March 2, 2020 forest concessionaires are obliged to keep an online Registry of Forest Operations and Timber Harvesting (Libro de Operaciones de los Titulos Habilitantes para Aprovechamiento Forestal Maderable) documenting the details of log operations (in 6 steps) from tree felling to final transport of logs form the forest. This document is the start of a nationwide online timber traceability system to be centrally managed and fully operational by 2021 which will enhance verification of legal origin. Software used by many concessionaires for this purpose is called DataBosque which is available free.
The Administrative Resolution (Resolución Administrativa or Resolución Jefatural) is the only official document of approval of the operational plan by ARFFS.
Due to technical and climate reasons normally not all allowable cut is harvested from the PCA in one year. In this case the forest company may “re-enter”, continue their operations, in the PCA in the next year in line with what is stated in the PO.
Post- harvest field inspections of selected timber concessions is implemented by OSINFOR and is carried out in order to check whether the transported and sold timber really originated from the annual cutting area as was stated in the PO, thus whether the concessionaire has acted in a legal and responsible fashion.
OSINFOR publishes the results of these supervision inspections on their website. These documents are made available to the public through the SIGO-Observatory (see also section Key Documents). Annual cutting areas with no observation appear in the SIGO-Green section and this timber can be procured without major risk of illegality. Instead timber from annual cutting areas with observations appear in the SIGO-Red section. Procuring timber from these areas implies risks of illegality.
It should be mentioned that OSINFORs supervisions cannot cover all concessions in time before the end of the harvesting year. In order to avoid legality issues, some timber exporters that manage timber concessions request OSINFOR to implement a post-harvest, but pre-transport inspection (forest to plant) of their PCA. In this way the timber exporter can always present a SIGO-green declaration to its client, if asked for.
Peruvian law requires forest companies to provide personal safety equipment to employees working in the forest. Employees with a permanent contract should receive minimum wage and have a health insurance.