Until 2011, Russia did not have a common forest policy document, and its forest policy was only formalized through a set of different concepts, government programs and legislation. At the end of November 2011, the Public Ecological Council of the Federal Forest Agency (FFA) approved the development of the Russian Forest Policy through a participatory process together with interested government bodies, NGOs and the forest private sector.
The Russian Forest Code (04.12.2006 No.200 FZ - Federal Law) was adopted in December 2006. The code includes requirements on harvesting and commercialization of logs, in terms of documentation, measuring, marking, registry and transport.
The main supervisory body is the Federal Forestry Agency (FFA; Rosleskhoz in Russian), which since May 2012 reports to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology (Ukaz Prezidenta, 2012). The sphere of competence of the FFA includes: (1) control and supervision of forestry issues, except in protected areas; (2) public services; and (3) management of state forest assets (FAO, 2012). Plantation is not a form of forest management widely practiced in Russia.
Federal plenary powers for forest governance at the regional level are implemented through forestry departments in eight federal districts and the 83 federal subjects of the Russian Federation. Those plenary powers, such as validation of forest plans, concession of forest areas, organization of wood auctions, maintenance of a state forest register and monitoring, are implemented by state structures within the bodies of executive power of the subjects of the Russian Federation. At the field level, the structures are represented by forestry districts (lesnichestvo). (FAO, 2012).