• Cambodge

Contexte général et ressources forestières du Cambodge

According to FAO, Cambodia had around 8 million hectares of forest resources in 2020, equal to 44.7% of the country’s total land area.

Surface pays

17.7

million ha

Surface forestière

8.1

million ha

Forêt de production

3.1

million ha

Propriété forestière

100

% propriété publique

Les ressources forestières au Cambodge

Types de forêts

Cambodia is located in the tropics and has several main forest types including 15.76% evergreen forest, 5.9%, semi-evergreen forest, 18.37% deciduous forest, 2.6% flooded forest, 0.97% regrowth forest, 0.67% bamboo, 0.17% mangrove, 0.14% rear mangrove, 0.05% pine forest, 0.02% pine plantation, 0.22% tree plantation, 0.29% oil palm plantation and rubber plantation 2.96% (MoE, 2020).

The country had a net annual change rate of -2.68% from 2010 to 2020. Among its forest resources, naturally regenerating forest covers about 7.4 million hectares and planted forest has around 0.6 million hectares.

 

The Forestry Administration Cantonment under each Provincial Department of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries is responsible for overall management of forests and has the right to permit harvest quota of forest products and by-products (timber products and non-timber forest products) for local communities. The Forestry Administration Division (mainly 1 division in 1 district) under each Forestry Administration Cantonment is mandated in issuing permits for transporting timber and non-timber forest products (RGC, 2002).

Propriété forestière au Cambodge

Generally, all forest area is owned by state, in particular natural forest. The government can also allocate some part of forest area to local communities in the form of community forestry for management and customary uses of forest resources or grant for private companies. However, some forest area, so called private forest including forest or tree plantation, is privately owned by private company, individuals and local households.

Données clés

Surface pays 17.7 million hectares
G253
Couvert forestier 8.1 million hectares (45.7%); principalement d'autres forêts naturellement régénérées
7.4% (0.6 million ha) de forêts plantées
4% (0.3 million ha) de forêt primaire
Forêt de production 3.1 million d’hectares désignés pour la production
Propriétés des forêts 100% de propriété publique
Taux de variation annuel -2.68% par an ; au cours des 10 dernières années (2010-2020)

 

Source : FAO, 2020
Voir aussi : Global Forest Ressources Assessment 2020, FAO

Global Forest Watch Map

Global Forest Watch Map Cambodia